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Thank you for spreading the word." Else End If %> In pursuit of OIL
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It's all about oil!

Cases Involving Oil and Gas Corporations

In Afghanistan, members of the Feminist Majority are protesting UNOCAL because of its plan to build a pipeline through Taliban-controlled Afghanistan. Since the Taliban regime took control of Kabul Afghanistan, a series of repressive measures against girls and women have been instituted. UNOCAL is a majority stakeholder in a consortium that hopes to construct a gas and oil pipeline from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan to Pakistan.

Bolivia Pipeline: On February 1, 2000, around 29,000 barrels of refined crude oil and mixed gasoline spilled into the Desaguadero River in the Southwestern region of Bolivia. The cause: a flash flood that broke the Sica Sica-Arica pipeline that goes from Bolivia to Chile, from where the oil is shipped to the United States. Transredes, the operator of the pipeline controlled by Royal Dutch/Shell Group and Enron Development Corp., was accused of negligence -by some local groups- for turning the pump off more than 20 hours after the accident occurred and for not taking adequate preventive measures, in the first place.

Colombia Oil Export: The Andes mountains in Colombia have become the newest oil hot spot with several international companies drilling in the region. The Marxist guerrillas repeatedly interrupt production through the use of terrorist tactics including bombings and kidnappings. Environmental groups challenge Colombian laws regarding environmental degradation due to the methods of oil exploration and extraction primarily caused by foreign corporations.

Ecuador Oil Exports: Ecuador produces more oil than it needs for domestic consumption and thus it is one of the country's leading exports. Beneath the surface in eastern Ecuador and within the Amazon rain forest, a relatively undisturbed and biologically rich area, are large amounts of oil. Critics warn that the habitat could suffer either through the direct spilling of product and soil contamination or through the opening of the area to the outside through the building of roads. It is believed that the building of an oil industry would have a severely adverse impact on the environment. Some argue against drilling for oil in Ecuador's Amazon area, particularly since the oil is intended for trade.

Iran to India Gas Pipeline: In 1995, Pakistan and Iran signed a preliminary agreement for construction of a natural gas pipeline linking the Iranian South Pars natural gas field in the Persian Gulf with Karachi, Pakistan's main industrial port located at the Arabian Sea. Iran later proposed an extension of the pipeline from Pakistan into India. These negotiations indicate a significant shift in inter and intra-regional politics between the states. The potential for economic and developmental gain from natural gas will force India, Iran, and Pakistan to reassess their roles and policies in regional conflicts, like Kashmir, Afghanistan, and national security issues.

Khazakstan Oil: The area around Azerbaijan, on the southwestern shores of the Caspian Sea, is not the only portion of the region to have oil reserves. One of the world's largest oil fields, the Tengiz in western Kazakhstan, was discovered in 1979. The Tengiz discovery dramatically altered oil exploration potential for the region as a whole. The intricate political climate in the region is the factor which will ultimately determine how oil can be delivered to world markets. Kazakhstan is in the best position to profit from the oil reserves.

Nigeria (Ogoni) and Oil: Shell Oil controls approximately 60 percent of the domestic oil market in Nigeria. Shell operates many of its oil facilities in the oil-rich Delta region of Nigeria. The Ogonis, an ethnic group that predominate in the Delta region, have protested that Shell's oil production has not only devastated the local environment, but has destroyed the economic viability of the region for local farmers and producers.

Venezuela Gas Dispute: The Venezuelan government accused the United States of discriminating against its products when the Congress passed a bill requiring that Petr¢leos de Venezuela, S.A. (PdVSA) oil exports meet U.S. pollution control standards. According to the U.S. law, Venezuelan oil must be reformulated to reduce car pollution, just like domestic oil. The Clean Air Act of 1990 mandates that oil refiners reduce the levels of the smog-causing olefins by 1995, but allows a three year grace period for domestic refining companies.

Source: http://www.american.edu/TED/burmapipeline.htm




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