M. Baagil, M.D.
Studies on Islam
in the Bible
am an American raised from childhood in the Christian belief.
Until I began my soul's quest for God, I had taken many matters
of importance for granted.
discussions, reading, and rereading the manuscript of the
present Muslim Christian Dialogue, I have gone over the quotations
from the King James Version of the Holy Bible and the Holy
finally announce my shahadah (testimony) publicly in English,
then in Arabic: I bear witness that there is no deity except
Allah, Who has no partner, and that Muhammad is His servant
and messenger (a shhadu an la illaha illa Allah, wahdahu la
sharikah lahu wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasulahu).
this very basic and simple testimony, I believe many people
will submit to Allah in spirit and truth.
hope that this short and easy to read booklet will be read
worldwide and will attract many who are searching for a true
belief where their minds may find rest and satisfaction.
from the Author
the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
booklet has been written as the result of dialogues that I
had with members of the Christian clergy and laity. The discussions
were polite, pleasant, friendly, and constructive without
the slightest intention of hurting the religious feeling of
any Christian. It is provocative and a challenge to Christianity.
It is indispensable for those looking for the truth and those
studying Comparative religion.
M or m: Muslim
(pbuh): peace be upon him
(pbut): peace be upon them
latter two phrases are said by all pious Muslims after mentioning
the name of a prophet. They will be assumed throughout this
M. Baagil, M. D.
January 1 984
the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
am grateful to Allah for the opportunity to read the manuscript
of Muslim Christian Dialogue and for being asked to write
an introduction to this remarkably eye opening booklet. Anyone
interested in comparative religion will find in this booklet
many surprises that challenge what many once believed to be
work by Dr. Hasan M. Baagil reflects his meticulous and painstaking
effort to present his findings clearly, concisely, and thoroughly.
As a result of his study of Christianity and the Bible over
a four year period, Dr. Baagil, a dedicated Muslim, learned
that Christians differ in their basic beliefs (i.e., the Trinity,
the divinity of Jesus, etc.), that Church doctrine contradicts
the Bible numerous times, and that the Bible even contradicts
itself! His conversations with Christian clergy and laity
during this period of study have provided the impetus for
the Muslim Christian Dialogue.
reader will be surprised to learn that, in the Bible, Jesus
(pbuh) never claimed to be God; that he did not die on the
cross; that the miracles performed by him were also performed
by many other prophets and even by disbelievers; and that
Jesus himself prophesied the advent of the Prophet Muhammad,
peace be upon both of them. All of this plus much more is
detailed from clear and concise passages of the Bible. The
question that obviously must be raised after witnessing such
clear contradictions is: Is the Bible God's Word? The effort
here by Dr. Baagil is not intended to deride Christian people,
and certainly not to mock Jesus and his teachings, as Allah
forbids such activities. The intent is only to point out that
false charges, misrepresentations, and outright lies against
Allah and His prophets are in themselves both deriding and
mocking in nature.
Christian Dialogue also makes clear the Islamic view and shows
how the Qur'an, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad some six
hundred years after Jesus, peace be upon both of them, corrects
the errors that crept (knowingly or unknowingly) into the
message that Jesus brought. This booklet should prove to be
a very valuable asset to Muslims and Christians, particularly
given the interest in dialogues between the two faiths. God
willing, it will be an effective tool for Muslims in our efforts
to invite Christians to Islam. Conversely Christians should
become more aware of what in fact the Bible says and what
Jesus (pbuh) actually taught as a result of studying this
booklet. Indeed, as a Muslim the hope is that non-Muslims
will accept the truth and bear witness to the oneness of Allah
and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.
Allah reward Dr. Baagil for his efforts to dispel darkness.
May Allah's peace be upon us all.
First Contact between a Christian and a Muslim
Why have there been in the last decade many discussions held
between Christians and Muslims about their beliefs?
I think because we both have several things in common. We
believe in the One Creator Who sent many Prophets and in Jesus
as the Messiah as well as the Word of God who was denied by
Holy Qur'an mentions in Surah 3:45:
when the angels said: 'O Mary! Verily Allah gives you the
glad tidings of a Word from Him, his name will be Messiah
Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and in
the hereafter, and of those who are near to Allah....'
have been held everywhere in Europe, Canada, the United States,
and Australia. Even the Vatican has participated: discussions
were held between Vatican theologians and Egyptian Muslim scholars
in Rome in 1970 and in Cairo in 1974 and 1978. Another series
of discussions between Vatican theologians and Saudi Arabian
Muslim scholars was held in Rome in 1974. Muslims have also
been invited by many churches to present Islam.
If Christianity is nearly two thousand years old and Islam
more than fourteen hundred years old, why were these discussions
not held centuries ago?
For the last three to four centuries, many Asian and African
countries that had been ruled by Muslims were colonized by
Britain France, Holland, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal. Many
Christian missionary and religious colonists tried to convert
as many Muslims as they could by whatever means they had:
giving medical treatment clothes, food, and jobs to the poor.
However, only a few converted. A small part of the elite was
converted to Christianity because of its belief that Christianity
brought civilization and progress. They adopted this mistaken
idea because they believed that western style progress was
attained after the separation of church and state in Europe.
the Second World War, many Muslims from Asian and African
countries emigrated to the West as workers and professionals.
This brought them into much closer contact with Christians.
Also, students were active in introducing Islam.
Do you see other reasons why many dialogues are held nowadays
even by their respective missions?
I think the gap between both is becoming smaller as each is
more tolerant, although both are still competing for converts.
I still remember my Christian teacher, who used to say: "Muhammad
the imposter, the dreamer, the epileptic." You now find fewer
writers depicting Islam in such a manner.
Muslims feel closer to the Christians than to the Jews and
disbelievers, as the Qur'an prophesied in Surah 5:82: You
will find the most vehement of mankind in hostility to those
who believe (to be) the Jews and the idolaters. And you will
find the nearest of them in affection to those who believe
(to be) those who say: 'Lo! We are Christians.' This is because
there are among them priests and monks (i.e., persons entirely
devoted to the service of God, as were the Muslims), and because
they are not proud." Some Christian denominations are making
tremendous progress now by acknowledging for the first time
in history that Muhammad descended from Ishmael through his
second son Kedar. The Davis Dictionary of the Bible (1980),
sponsored by the Board of Christian Education of the Presbyterian
Church in the USA, writes under the word "Kedar": "... A tribe
descended from Ishmael (Gen. 25:13) ... The people of Kedar
were Pliny's Cedrai, and from their tribe Mohammed ultimately
arose." The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia quotes
the following from A. S. Fulton: "... Of the Ishmaelite tribes,
Kedar must have been one of the most important and thus in
later times the name came to be applied to all the wild tribes
of the desert. It is through Kedar ("Keidar" in Arabic) that
Muslim genealogists trace the descent of Mohammed from Ishmael."
Smith's Bible Dictionary prints the following: "Kedar (black).
Second son of Ishmael (Gen. 25:13) ... Mohammed traces his
lineage to Abraham through the celebrated Koreish tribe, which
sprang from Kedar. The Arabs in the Hejaz are called Beni
Harb (men of war), and are Ishmaelites as of old, from their
beginning. Palgrave says their language is as pure now as
when the Koran was written (A.D. 610), having remained unchanged
more than 1200 years; a fine proof of the permanency of Eastern
biggest asset brought by Muslim immigrants to the West is
not their manpower but Islam, which is now taking root here.
Many mosques and Islamic centers have been established and
many people have reverted to Islam. I prefer the word "reverted"
and not "converted," as everybody is born in submission to
AllahIslamand so being a Muslim is the nature
of every single individual. The parents or the community convert
him to Judaism, Christianity, other faiths, or atheism.
is also a proof that Islam is not spreading by the sword but
simply by propagation on the part of Muslim individuals or
groups. We don't have special missions organized as in Christian
world population has increased 136 percent from 1934 through
1984, Christianity with 47 percent and Islam with 235 percent.
These figures can be checked in The Plain Truth, February
1984, in its fiftieth anniversary issue, quoting from The
World Almanac and Book of Facts 1935, and The Reader's Digest
Almanac and Yearbook 1983.
If all three religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, claim
to emanate from the One and same Creator, why do they differ?
All prophets from Adam to Muhammad were sent with the same
message: man's total submission to Allah. In Arabic, this
submission is called "Islam," which also means peace, peace
between the Creator and His creatures. Unlike the names Judaism
and Christianity, the name Islam was given by Allah Himself,
as mentioned in Surah 5:3: This day I have perfected your
religion for you and completed My favor on you, and have chosen
for you Islam as your way of life. Neither "Judaism" nor "Christianity"
is found in the Bible or in a Bible dictionary. No Israelite
prophet said the word "Judaism." Jesus never claimed to establish
Christianity and never called himself a Christian. The word
"Christian" is mentioned only three times in the New Testament
and first by pagans and Jews in Antioch about 43 A.D., long
after Jesus had left this earth. Read in Acts 11:26: "...
And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch."
by King Agrippa II to Paul in Acts 26:28: "Then Agrippa said
unto Paul" Almost thou persuades" me to be a Christian.' '
the name Christian was first given by foes rather than friends.
And finally by Peter in his letter to comfort the faithful
in I Peter 4: 16: "Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let
him not be ashamed.... "
first Muslim on earth was not Muhammad but Abraham, who submitted
totally to Allah. But Islam as a way of life had been revealed
to other prophets prior to Abraham, such as Adam and Noah.
Then Islam follows as the way of life for all humanity.
How could Abraham be a Muslim? It is known that he was a Jew.
A Jew? Who told you that?
We are taught that, so it must be confirmed by the Bible.
Can you show me where in the Bible it says that he was a Jew?
If you can't find it quickly, let me help you. Read Genesis
"And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his
son's son, and Sarai his daughter in-law, his son Abram's
wife, and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees,
to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran and
So Abraham who was born in Ur of Chaldees could not have been
a Jew. First because Ur of Chaldees was in Mesopotamia, which
is now a part of Iraq. He was then more an Arab than a Jew.
Secondly the name "Jew" came after the existence of Judah,
the great grandson of Abraham (see chart on page 4). Read
further, Genesis 12:4 and 5.
" ... and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed
out of Haran.... and into the land of Canaan they came.
So Abraham emigrated to Canaan at the age of seventy five
and the Bible clearly mentioned that he was there a stranger
m Genesis 17:8: "And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed
after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the
land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will
be their God." Read now Genesis 14:13.
"And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew....
" M. How can you call Abraham a Jew if the Bible itself calls
him a Hebrew which means a man from the other side of the
Euphrates. It also means pertaining to Eber, a descendant
of Shem. Read now in Genesis 32:28 what happened to the name
of Jacob after wrestling with an angel.
"And he said: 'Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but
Israel; for as a prince hast thou power with God and with
men, and hast prevailed.'"
So Abraham was a Hebrew. The descendants of Jacob were Israelites
consisting of the twelve tribes. Judah was nicknamed "Jew"
so that only Judah's descendants were called Jews originally.
To know who Moses really was, read Exodus 6:16-20.
"And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to
their generations; Ghershon, and Kohath, and Merari.... And
the sons of Kohath: Amram.... And Amram took him Jochebed
his father's sister to wife; and she bore him Aaron and Moses."
So Moses was not a Jew, because he was not descended from
Judah, but a Levite. Moses was the "law giver" (Torah is law)
to the children of Israel.
How can you explain that?
Because we are using the Holy Qur'an as standard. You can
explain the Bible and correct the Jewish and Christian prejudice
with the context of the Qur'an. It is the last revealed book
and has never been corrupted or adulterated. Its contents
has been guaranteed by Allah in Surah 2:2: This is the Scripture
whereof there is no doubt... and also in Surah 15:9: No doubt
We have sent down the Qur'an and surely We will guard it (from
corruption). This verse is a challenge to mankind. It is a
clear fact that more than fourteen hundred years have passed
and not a single word of this Qur'an has been changed although
disbelievers tried their utmost to change it, but they failed
miserably in their efforts. As it is mentioned in this Holy
Verse: "We will guard this Book" by Allah, He has guarded
the contrary, all the other holy books (Torah, Psalms, Gospels
etc.) have been adulterated in the form of additions, deletions
or alterations from the original.
What does the Qur'an say about Abraham and Moses that you
can deduce from the Bible?
In Surah 3:65:
people of the Scripture [Jews and Christians]! Why do you
dispute about Abraham, while the Torah and the Gospel were
not revealed till after him? Have you then no sense?
in Surah 3:67:
was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim
(worshiper of none but Allah alone) and he joined none in
worship with Allah.
say you that Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the twelve
sons of Jacob were Jews or Christians? Say (of Muhammad),
'Do you know better or does Allah? And who is more unjust
than he who conceals the testimony he has from Allah?' And
Allah is not unaware of what you do. Of course they were not
Jews or Christians, as the name "Jews" came after Judah and
the name "Christians" came long after Jesus had left.
It feels strange to hear the name Allah. Why don't you say "God"
if you speak English?
Yes, indeed, the name "Allah" seems to be strange to non-Muslims,
but this name has been used by all prophets since Adam until
Muhammad. It is a contraction of the two Arabic words AIlah,
i.e., The God. By dropping the letter "I," you will find the
word Allah. According to its position in an Arabic sentence,
it can have the form "Allaha," which is close to the Hebrew
name of the Creator, i.e. "Eloha." But the Jews are using
wrongly the plural form "Elohim," which denotes more than
one God. The word "Allaha" sounds closer to the Aramaic word
for God used by Jesus, namely, "Alaha" (see Encyclopedia Britannica
1980 under "Allah" and "Elohim"). So while the name "Allah"
is strange to non-Muslims, it is not strange to all prophets
from Adam to Muhammad, as they propagated in principle the
same Islamtotal submissionand the word "Allah"
denotes the personal name of the Supreme Being. It is not
subject to plurality or gender, so there is no such thing
as "Allahs," or a male or female "Allah," as is the case with
Gods or God and Goddess. It is confusing to use the word God,
as many English speaking Christians consider Jesus as God.
Even the word "Creator" is also confusing, as many Christians
maintain that Jesus created the world. Not only the name "Allah"
is strange, but also the way Muslims worship Allah with ablution,
bowing, kneeling, prostration and fasting is strange to non-Muslims,
but not strange to all of the prophets. While ablution (washing
of face, arms, feet, and moistening of the hair) prior to
worship is not done by modern Christians, it is required of
Muslims and previous prophets, as seen in the following biblical
passages: Exodus 40:31-32: "And Moses and Aaron and his sons
washed their hands and their feet thereat; When they went
into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near
unto the altar, they washed; as the Lord commanded Moses."
Although Paul made many changes in Jesus' teaching, he was
faithful in respect to ablution, as seen in Acts 21:26: "Then
Paul took the men, and the next day purifying himself with
them entered into the temple'..." Muslim women perform their
prayer with their head covered, as in I Corinthians 11:5-6,
13: "But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her
head uncovered dishonourerh her head: for that is even all
one as if she were shaven. For if the woman be not covered,
let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to
be shorn or shaven, let her be covered.... Judge in yourselves:
is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered" Muslims
worship with bowing, kneeling, prostration, and without shoes
1 , as was done by previous prophets: Psalms 95:6: "O come,
let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord
our maker"; Joshua 5: 14: "And Joshua fell on his face to
the earth, and did worship''; I Kings 18:42: "And Elijah went
up to the top of Carmel; and he cast himself down upon the
earth, and put his face between his knees"; Numbers 20:6:
"... and they [Moses and Aaron] fell upon their faces: and
the glory of the Lord appeared upon them"; Genesis 17:3: "And
Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying ...",
and Exodus 3:5 and Acts 7:33: "And he [God] said [to Moses],
'Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet,
for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground."'
Christian will be very surprised to learn that the pilgrimage
(hajj), which consists of Muslims circumambulating around
the sacred stone (i.e., the Ka'bah) in Makkah, had been performed
by many prophets, even by Israelite prophets.
I never read anything about the pilgrimage or the sacred stone
(i.e., Ka'bah) in the Bible.
This has been mentioned clearly several times but is usually
overlooked by those who read the Bible. For example:
Jacob, on his way to Padan aram, saw a vision and built the
next morning a pillar of stone which he called Beth EI, i.e.
the House of the Lord (Genesis 28:18-19).
Years later the same Prophet, Jacob, was ordered by Allah
to go to Bethel (Genesis 35:4, 14-15). Jacob removed all of
the strange gods prior to going there. Later, Prophet Muhammad
also removed all idols around the sacred stone (i.e., Ka'bah
Another pillar was built by Jacob and his father-in-law, Laban,
(Genesis 31:45-49): "And Jacob took a stone, and set it up
for a pillar. And Jacob said unto his brethren: 'Gather stones.'
And they took stones, and made a heap; and they did eat there
upon the heap. And Laban called it Jegar sahadutha, but Jacob
called it Galeed ... and Mizpah, for he said: 'The Lord watch
between me and thee ..."'
Jephthah and Ammon had a war against each other. Jephthah
swore to the Lord in Mizpah of Gilead to sacrifice his only
daughter if he won. He did win, and burnt his daughter there
alive as an offering to the Lord (Judges 11:29-39).
Four hundred thousand swordsmen from the eleven tribes of
Israel swore before the Lord in Mizpeh to exterminate the
tribes of Benjamin (Judges 20 and 21).
The children of Israel, under Samuel, swore in Mizpeh to destroy
their idols if they won against the Philistines (I Samuel
The whole nation of Israel assembled in Mizpeh when Samuel
was appointed king of Israel (I Samuel 10).
is obvious now that there is no Mizpah left in the world,
except the oldest one in the Holy City of Makkah built by
Abraham and his son Ishmael, from whom later Prophet Muhammad
arose. Muslims are really the followers of all prophets. I
can tell you other things about Muslims, Islam and Muhammad
in the Bible, but why should you know this if you are not
looking for the truth?
I am sure of my own belief as a Christian but I would also
like to know more about both religions. I sometimes feel ridiculed
as a Christian after reading books written by Muslims.
Did it affect you in your religious life?
Yes. I am not going to Church as regularly as before. I have
been secretly reading books written by Muslims. I have asked
several Muslims to explain matters that were not clear to
me, but have not yet been satisfied. I am looking for a belief
that I can rely on, that can give me peace of mind, that is
scientifically acceptable, and one that I don't have to believe
I appreciate your sentiments. However, as we are not allowed
to force people to become Muslim, I want to be sure that you
are really interested in learning the truth before I continue.
You mean that I can believe what I want and that nobody can
force me to believe in something else?
Yes, for the Qur'an says that there is no compulsion in religion.
Then why are Muslims calling other people to accept Islam?
As Christians ask the Jews to accept Jesus as the Messiah,
we Muslims ask the Christians, as well as Jews and all mankind,
to accept Muhammad as the seal of the prophets. Our Prophet
Muhammad said: "Convey my message, even one ayah (verse of
the Holy Qur'an)."
Isaiah mentioned in chapter 21:13: "The burden upon Arabia,"
which means the responsibility of the Muslim Arabs, to spread
Islam. Isaiah mentioned this after he saw in a vision a chariot
of asses and a chariot of camels (21:7): "And he saw a chariot
with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot
of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed."
chariot of asses turned out to be Jesus, who entered Jerusalem
(John 12: 14; Matthew 21: 5). Who then was the chariot of
camels? It could not be other than Muhammad, who came about
six hundred years after the advent of Jesus. If this is not
accepted, then this prophecy has not yet been fulfilled.
Your explanation stimulates me to review the Bible more carefully.
I would like to have more discussions with you.
Yes, if you are successful in this world, it doesn't mean
that you will be successful in the hereafter. The hereafter
is much better and more lasting than this life. People are
now becoming more materialistic and secular. Let's meet some
more and discuss the differences frankly and without prejudice.
Islam is based on reason, and you should not just accept it.
Even your Bible says: "Prove all things; hold fast that which
is good" (I Thessalonians 5:21).
You mentioned just now a "chariot of camels" from Isaiah and
drew the conclusion that it was Muhammad. Is he then prophesied
in the Bible?
In the Old or New Testament?
In both. But you cannot recognize him in the Bible as long
as you don't believe in the oneness of God. As long as you
still believe in the Trinity, the divinity of Jesus, the divine
son ship of Jesus, and the doctrines of Original Sin and Atonement.
All of these were made by men. Jesus prophesied that people
would worship him uselessly and believe in doctrines made
by men: "But in vain they do worship me teaching for doctrines
the commandments of men" (Matthew 15:9).
Are you sure that the Bible is holy?
Yes, I am very sure about it, for it is God's Word.
Read what Luke said about his recording in 1:2-3.
"Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning
were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word. It seemed good
to me also, having held perfect understanding of all things
from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent
If Luke had said that he himself was not an eyewitness and
the knowledge he gathered was from eyewitnesses and not as
words inspired by God, would you still believe that the Bible
is God's word?
Maybe only this part is not God's word.
History has shown that the Bible has been changed. The Revised
Standard Version (1952 and 1971), The New American Standard
Bible and The New World Translation have expunged certain
verses that are found in The King James Version. The Reader's
Digest has reduced the Old Testament by 50 percent and the
New Testament by about 25 percent. Some years ago Christian
theologians wanted to "desex" the Bible. Does "holy" mean
that the Bible is free from error?
Yes, that is so. But what kind of error do you mean?
Suppose one verse states that a certain person died at the
age of fifty years and another verse states that the same
person died at the age of sixty years? Can both statements
No, for only one can be right or both are wrong.
If a holy book contains conflicting verses, do you still consider
Of course not, because a holy scripture is a revelation from
God. Therefore, it should be impossible that mistakes or conflicting
verses could be found in it.
Then it's not holy.
Right. In that case, its holiness disappears.
If so, you can't trust it one hundred percent. What could
be the causes of such mistakes?
It could be a mistake in the recording or deliberate changes
by scribes, such as deletion or addition in it.
If there are conflicting verses in the Bible, do you still
consider it holy?
I believe that the Bible is holy, since I see no conflicting
There are many conflicting verses in it.
In the Old or New Testament?
In both Testaments. These are some of them:
David took from him a thousand chariots and seven hundred
horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen ...
David took from him a thousand chariots and seven thousand
horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen ...
Seven hundred or seven thousand?
II Samuel 8:9-10
Toi, king of Hamath, heard that David had smitten all the
host of Hadadezer, then Toi sent Joram, his son, unto King
David to salute him and to bless him, because he had fought
against Hadadezer and had smitten him, for Hadadezer had wars
with Toil. And Joram took with him vessels of silver, and
vessels of gold, and vessels of brass.
when Tou, king of Hamath, heard how David had smitten all
the host of Hadarezer, king of Zobah, he sent Hadoram, his
son, to King David to enquire of his welfare and to congratulate
him, because he had fought against Hadarezer and had smitten
him (for Hadarezer had made war withTou); and with him all
manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.
Toi or Tou, Joram or Hadoram, Hadadezer or Hadarezer?
I Samuel 10:18
the Syrians fled before Israel, and David slew the men of
seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand
horsemen, and smote Shobach, the captain of their host, who
the Syrians fled before Israel, and David slew of the Syrians
seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand
footmen, and killed Shophach, the captain of their host.
Seven hundred chariots or seven thousand men? Forty thousand
horsemen or footmen? Shobach or Shophach?
and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign.
and two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign. .
Twenty two or forty two years?
was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned
in Jerusalem three months.
was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned
three months and ten days in Jerusalem.
Eighteen years or eight years? Three months or three months
and ten days?
be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite
that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was
Adino the Eznite: he lifted up his spear against eight hundred,
whom he slew at one time.
this is the number of the mighty men who David had: Jashobeam,
an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains; he lifted up his
spear against three hundred slain by him at one time.
Tachmonite or Hachmonite? Eight hundred or three hundred?
again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and
he moved David against them to say: "Go, number Israel and
Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number
Is Satan the Lord of David? May God forbid it!
Michal the daughter of Saul had no child until the day of
the king took the two sons of Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah,
whom she bore unto Saul, Arrnoni and Mephibosheth; and the
five sons of Michal, the daughter of Saul, whom she brought
up for Adriel the son of Barzilai the Meholthite.
Did Michal have children or not? Note: The name Michal in II
Samuel 21:8 is still present in The King James version and The
New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures used by the Jehovah's
Witnesses, but has been changed to Merab in The New American
Standard Bible (1973).
C. I never saw any of these before. Are there many more?
Do you still need to hear more? Are these examples not sufficient
to deny its holiness? See Genesis 6:3: "And the Lord said:
'My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also
is flesh: yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years."
how old was Noah when he died? More than a hundred and twenty
years. See Genesis 9:29: "And all the days of Noah were nine
hundred and fifty years when he died." Some Christian theologians
claim that this does not mean that the maximum age of man
will be a hundred and twenty years, but that the Flood would
come in a hundred and twenty years. Even this doesn't fit,
because at the time of the Flood Noah would have been six
hundred and twenty (500 + 120) years old. However, the Bible
states that he was six hundred years. Study Genesis 5:32:
"And Noah was five hundred years old . . ."; Genesis 7:6:
"And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters
was upon the earth."
believes that God created man in His image: white, black or
another color, male or female? This is according to Genesis
1:26: "And God said: 'Let Us make man in our image, after
our likeness . . ." But this contradicts Isaiah 40:18, 25:
"To whom then will ye liken God? Or what likeness will ye
compare unto him? . . . 'To whom then will ye liken Me, or
shall I be equal?' saith the Holy One." See also Psalm 89:6:
"For who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord? Who
among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord?"
and Jeremiah 10:6,7: "For as much as there is none like unto
Thee, O Lord . . . there is none like unto Thee."
But all these are in the Old Testament.
Well then, let's go to the New Testament.
5:37 Ye have neither heard His [God's] voice at any time,
nor seen His shape.
14:9 ... he that has seen me has seen the Father ...
5:31 If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true.
8:14 Jesus answered and said unto them: "Though I bear record
of myself, yet my record is true."
are only some of the contradictions in the New Testament.
You will find more if we discuss the truth of such doctrines
of modern Christianity as the Trinity, the divinity of Jesus
Christ, the divine sonship of Jesus, Original Sin and Atonement,
not to mention the biblical accounts of many prophets engaging
in degrading activities: worshipping false gods and committing
incest, rape, and adultery.
Where do you find that in the Bible?
Noah is reported to have been drunk to the point of becoming
naked in the presence of his grownup sons (Genesis 9:23-24):
"And Shem and Japhet took a garment, and laid it upon both
their shoulders, and went backward and covered the nakedness
of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw
not their father's nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine,
and knew what his younger son had done unto him."
was accused not only of having a large harem but also of worshipping
false gods (I Kings 11:9-10): "And the Lord was angry with
Solomon ... And had commanded him concerning this thing, that
he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which
the Lord commanded. "
a prophet who accompanied his brother Moses on his mission
to Pharaoh, was accused of having fashioned the golden calf
for the Israelites to worship (Exodus 32:4): "And he [Aaron]
received them [golden earrings] at their hand, and fashioned
it with a graving tool, after he had made it a golden calf:
and they said: 'These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought
thee up out of the land of Egypt."'
can read of Prophet Lot's incestuous encounter with his two
daughters (Genesis 19:36): "Thus were both the daughters of
Lot with child by their father."
can read of a prophet who was married to two sisters at the
same time (Genesis 29:28): "And Jacob did so, and fulfilled
her week: and he [Laban] gave him Rachel his daughter to wife
another prophet accused of adultery (II Samuel 11:4-5): "And
David sent messengers, and took her [the wife of Uriah], and
she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified
from her uncleanness; and she returned unto her house. And
the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said: 'I
am with child."'
question is: How could David be accepted in the genealogy
of Jesus when it started with a person who committed adultery?
May Allah forbid it! Does this not contradict what is mentioned
in Deuteronomy 23:2: "A bastard shall not enter into the congregation
of the Lord; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter
into the congregation of the Lord."
allegation is that of incest along with rape by Ammon, the
son of David, on his half sister Tamar (II Samuel 13: 14):
"Howbeit he [Ammon] would not hearken unto her voice, but
being stronger than she [Tamer], forced her and lay with her."
another multiple rape, by Absalom on David's concubines, is
recounted in II Samuel 16:33: "So they spread Absalom a tent
upon the top of the house, and Absalom went in unto his father's
concubines in the sight of all Israel."
incest, by Judah and Tamar (his daughter-in-law): "Judah on
his way to Timnath to shear his sheep saw Tamar. He thought
her to be a harlot because she had her face covered (Genesis
38: 18): ". . . And he [Judah] gave it [signet, bracelet and
staff] to her, and came in unto her and she conceived by him."
Jews and Muslims often have differing views, no Muslim would
dare to write a book and stamp any Israelite prophet like
Judah, David, Jesus, and so on with rape, adultery, incest,
or prostitution. All prophets were sent by Allah for the guidance
of mankind. Do you think that God had sent the wrong people
I don't think so. But don't you believe in the Bible?
We believe in all divine scriptures, but in their original
form. God sent a prophet as a warner to each nation, and some
of them with a scripture as a guidance for that particular
nation only. The Suhuf was brought by Abraham, the Torah (part
of the Old Testament) by Moses, the Zabur (Psalms) by David,
and the Injil (New Testament) by Jesus. None of the these
scriptures remains in their original form. As part of Allah's
original plan, He finally sent Muhammad as the seal of all
prophets and with the Qur'an as a guidance for all mankind,
anywhere and anytime.
himself said that he was sent only to the people of Israel
(Matthew 15:24): "I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of
the house of Israel." Also (Matthew 1:21): "And she shall
bring forth a son and thou shalt call his name Jesus; for
he shall save his people from their sins." He even said that
he came not to make changes but to fulfill (Matthew 5:17-18):
"Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets.
I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say
unto you: 'Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle
shall in no wise pass from the law till all be fulfilled."'
But in Mark 16:15 Jesus said, "Go ye into all the world, and
preach the gospel to every creature."
This contradicts what is mentioned above in Matthew 15:24
and Matthew 1:21. Secondly, Mark 16:9-20 has been expunged
in many Bibles. The New American Standard Bible has put this
part in brackets and made the following commentary: "Some
of the oldest mss. omit from verse 9 through 20." The New
World Translation of the Holy Scriptures used by the Jehovah's
Witnesses admits that certain ancient manuscripts add a long
conclusion or a short conclusion after Mark 16:8 but that
some omit those verses. And The Revised Standard version prints
the following footnote: "Some of the most ancient authorities
bring the book to a close at the end of verse 8 ..." This
means that the resurrection is not true, as it is described
in Mark 16:9.
But Jesus said in Matthew 28:19: "Go ye therefore and teach
all nations ..."
"All nations" must be explained as the twelve tribes of Israel,
otherwise it contradicts Matthew 15:24 and Matthew 1:21. In
The New American Standard Bible and The New World Translation
of the Holy Scriptures, it is not translated as "all nations"
but as "all the nations," which means the twelve tribes of
Israel. What do you think of the Bible now?
I am not so sure about its holiness now.
I am sure you will be convinced of the authenticity of Islam
after we have discussed our differences.
Doctrine of the Trinity
Do you still believe in the Trinity?
It is said in the First Epistle of John 5:7-8: "For there
are three that bear record in heaven: the Father, the Word,
and the Holy Ghost, and these three are one. And there are
three that bear witness in earth: the spirit, and the water,
and the blood, and these three agree in one."
That is in The King James Version, authorized in 1611, and
formed the strongest evidence for the doctrine of the Trinity.
But now this part, "the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost:
and these three are one," has been expunged in The Revised
Standard Version of 1952 and 1971 and in many other Bibles,
as it was a gloss that had encroached on the Greek text.
John 5:7-8 in The New American Standard Bible says: "And it
is the Spirit who bears witness, because the Spirit is truth.
For there are three that bear witness, the Spirit and the
water, and the blood, and the three are in agreement." Also,
in The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, used
by the Jehovah's Witnesses, you will find: "For there are
three witness bearers: the spirit, and the water, and the
blood, and the three are in agreement." I can understand if
you don't know that this important part has been removed,
but I wonder why many ministers and preachers are not aware
Trinity is not biblical. The word "Trinity" is not even in
the Bible or Bible dictionaries. It was never taught or mentioned
by Jesus. There is no basis or proof in the Bible for its
But in Matthew 28: 19 we still find: "... baptizing them in
the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
This part has not been removed yet. Is this not a proof of
No. If three persons are sitting or eating together, does
it mean that they form one person? No. The formulation of
the Trinity by Athanasius, an Egyptian deacon from Alexandria,
was accepted by the Council of Nicaea in 325 ADmore
than three centuries after Jesus had left. No doubt Roman
paganism had an influence on this doctrine of a triune god.
The Sabbath was shifted to Sunday and December 25, the birthday
of their sun god Mithra, was introduced as Jesus' birthday,
although the Bible clearly predicted and forbade the decoration
of Christmas trees in Jeremiah 10:2-5: "Thus saith the Lord:
'Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at
the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them.
For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a
tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman
with the axe. They deck it with silver and with gold, they
fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. They
are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs
be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for
they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good."
Christianity deviated far from the original teachings of Jesus,
Allah sent His last prophet, Muhammad, as a revivalist to
undo changes made by man: the Roman Julian calendar was introduced
as the Christian era; Pork was allowed; circumcision was abolished
by Paul (Galatians 5:2: "Behold, I Paul say unto you, that
if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing."
Qur'an warns in Surah 5:73: Surely they are disbelievers,
those who said: 'Allah is one of the three in a Trinity.'
But there is none who has the right to be worshipped but one
God (Allah). And if they cease not from what they say, verily
a painful torment will befall the disbelievers among them.
Do you still believe in the Trinity, which was never taught
But God and Jesus are one (John 14: 11): "Believe me that
I am in the Father, and the Father in me."
Read John 17:21.
"That they [the disciples] all may be one; as thou, Father,
art in me, and I in thee, that they may also be one in us
It is clear here that God and Jesus are one, and that the
disciples are one in Jesus and God. If Jesus is God because
he is in God, why are the disciples then not God, as they
are like Jesus, who is in God? If God, Jesus, and the Holy
Ghost form one unitthe Trinitywith the disciples
included they should form a fifteen unit God.
But Jesus is God according to John 14:9: "... he that hath
seen me hath seen the Father."
Look at what comes before and after: (John 14:8): "Philip
saith unto him: 'Lord, show us the Father, and it aufficeth
us."' (John 14:9): "Jesus saith unto him: 'Have I been so
long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip?
He that hath seen me hast seen the Father; and how sayest
thou then: Shew us the Father?"'
asked Philip how to show God to the disciples, which is impossible.
You should believe in God by admiring His creation: the sun,
the moon, all creation, and Jesus, who was created by God.
He said in John 4:24: "God is a Spirit" and in John 5:37:
"Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his
shape." How can you see a spirit? What they saw was Jesus,
not God. Paul said in I Timothy 6: 16: "... whom no man hath
seen, nor can see." So what you see is not God. The Qur'an
says in Surah 5:103: "Vision comprehends Him not, but He comprehends
(all) vision. He is the Subtle, the Aware."
It is hard to deny what has been taught to us since childhood.
Maybe the following questions will give you a better understanding
of the Trinity: What is the Holy Spirit?
The Holy Spirit is the Holy Ghost and is also God. We are
taught that the Father is God, the Son is God, the Holy Ghost
is God. We are not allowed to say Three Gods, but One God.
Read Matthew 1:18.
"Now the birth of Jesus Christ was in this way: When as his
mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together,
she was found with child of the Holy Ghost."
Compare this with Luke 1:26-27.
"And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God
unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused
to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and
the virgin's name was Mary."
In Jesus' miraculous birth Matthew mentioned the Holy Ghost
and Luke mentioned the angel Gabriel. What is the Holy Ghost?
That being the case, the Holy Ghost is the angel Gabriel.
Do you still believe in the Trinity now?
Then God is God and the Holy Ghost or the Holy Spirit is the
angel Gabriel, and Jesus is ...
Let me help you: Jesus is a prophet, the son of Mary.
How can you solve what we call a divine mystery?
We use the Qur'an as the standard to correct man made changes
in previously revealed scriptures. If you believe in One God,
and Jesus as a prophet, why don't you go one step further
and accept Muhammad as the last messenger? Recite after me
the shahadah or witness (testimony), first in English and
then in Arabic.
I bear witness that there is no deity except Allah, Who has
no partner, and Muhammad is His servant and messenger. Ashhadu
an la illaha illa Allahu wahdahu la sharikah lahu wa ashhadu
anna Muhammadan abdahu wa rasuluhu.
what about my great grandparents? I would like to stay with
them. They were all Christians.
Abraham left his parents and great grandparents when the truth
Islamwas revealed to him. Everyone is responsible for
himself. Maybe the truth hadn't come to your ancestors as
clearly as it has to you. The Qur'an says in Surah 17:15:
Whoever goes right, then, he goes right only for his own soul's
benefit. And whoever goes astray, then he goes astray only
to his own loss. No laden soul can bear another's load. And
We never punish until We have sent an apostle (to give warnings).
The Truth has come to you and it is up to you.
Can I accept both Islam and Christianity?
There is no force in religion. You can do what you want. But
if YOU combine both faiths, it means you haven't surrendered
to Allah. You are still a disbeliever, as He states in Surah
4:150-152: Verily those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers
and wish to make distinction between Allah and His messengers
[by believing in Allah and disbelieving in His messengers]
saying: 'We believe in some and reject others,' and wish to
take a way in between [this and] that: They are disbelievers
in truth. And We have prepared for disbelievers a humiliating
torment. To those who believe in Allah and His messengers
and make no distinction between any of them [messengers],
We shall give them their rewards, and Allah is Forgiving,
Most Merciful. You may agree with me if we discuss some other
Should we recite a confession (shahadah) before we are fully
As soon as you reach adulthood and you are mentally competent,
you are then committed whether you recite the shahadah or
not. Allah created this world for a purpose. He has supplied
you with the organs to differentiate between right and wrong.
He has sent many prophets as warners. We are created to worship
Him and to compete with each other in good deeds in this world.
3:191: ... Our Lord! You have not created [all] this without
purpose, Glory to You! ... "
90:8-10: Have We not made for him [mankind] a pair of eyes?
And a tongue and a pair of lips? And shown him the two ways
[good and evil]?
51:56: And I created not the jinns and mankind except they
should worship Me [alone]. (Every deed for the pleasure of
Allah is worship.)
18:7: Verily! We have made that which is on earth as an adornment
for it [the earth] in order that We may test them [mankind]
as to which of them is better in deeds.
Doctrine of the Divinity of Jesus Christ
Is Jesus God?
Yes. In the Gospel according to John 1:1: "In the beginning
was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was
We have agreed that a holy scripture should not contain contradictions.
If there are two conflicting verses, then only one can be
true or both are wrong, for both cannot be correct.
to John l:1 Jesus is God. Then how many Gods are there? Two
at least. This contradicts many passages in the Bible: Deuteronomy
4:39: "... that the Lord He is God in heaven above, and upon
the earth beneath: there is none else"; Deuteronomy 6:4: "Hear,
O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord", (Isaiah 43:10-11):
"... that ye may know and believe Me, and understand that
I am He: before Me there was no God formed, neither shall
there be after Me. I, even I, am the Lord; and beside Me there
is no savior"; (Isaiah 44:6): "Thus saith the Lord ... I am
the first, and I am the last, and beside Me there is no God";
(Isaiah 45:18): "For thus saith the Lord that created the
heavens; God Himself that formed the earth and made it; He
hath established it, He created it not in vain, He formed
it to be inhabited: I am the Lord; and there is none else."
Isaiah 45:18 we can conclude that God alone was the Creator
and that no one else, not even Jesus, participated in the
should also read Deuteronomy 4:35; Exodus 8:10; II Samuel
7:22; I Kings 8:23; I Chronicles 17:20; Psalms 86:8, 89:6
and 113:5; Hosea 13:4; and Zechariah 14:9.
But these are all in the Old Testament. Do you find these
same statements in the New Testament?
Sure. Read Mark 12:29, where it is recorded that Jesus himself
said: "And Jesus answered him: 'The first of all the commandments
is: Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord."'
Corinthians 8:4: "... we know that an idol is nothing in the
world, and that there is none other God but one"; (I Timothy
2:5): "For there is one God, and one mediator between God
and men, the man Christ Jesus." Look at the expression "the
man Christ Jesus." Now you can either say that John 1:1 is
right and all these other verses are wrong, or vice versa.
How can anybody make such a judgment?
Lets look at it from the Qur'anic point of view, which corresponds
with what Jesus himself said in the Bible. Jesus is mentioned
several times in the Qur'an as a "Word from Allah." In Surah
3:39: Then the angels called to him [Zechariah] while he was
standing in prayer in the chamber (saying): "Allah gives you
glad tidings of John [the Baptist] believing in a Word from
Allah [Jesus, son of Mary], noble, keeping away from sexual
relations with women, a prophet, and one of the righteous."
Surah 3:45: [Remember] when the angels said: "O Mary! Verily
Allah gives you the glad tidings of a Word from Him, his name
will be Messiah Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this
world and the Hereafter, and of those who are near to Allah."
In both verses, Jesus is called a "Word from Allah," by which
is meant a Word coming from Allah or belonging to Allah, in
correspondence with I Corinthians 3:23: "And ye are Christ's;
and Christ is God's." John 1:1 should also have been written:
"... and the Word was God's." The mistake could have been
in the translation from Aramaic to Greek, deliberately or
not. In the Greek language, Theos is God, while Theou means
God's (see any Greek dictionary or Bible, or Muhammad in the
Bible by Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud, former Bishop of Uramiah,
page 16). This difference of only one letter has major consequences.
Why is Jesus called the "Word of God" in both scriptures?
The creation of Jesus in Mary's womb was without sperm, for
it was the result of the decree of Allah: "Be" as mentioned
in the Surah 3:47: She [Mary] said; "O, my Lord! How shall
I have a son when no man has touched me?" He said: "So [it
will be], for Allah creates what He will. When He has decreed
something, He says to it only 'Be' and it is."
Jesus is God because he is filled with the Holy Spirit.
But there are other people who have been filled with the Holy
Ghost? Are they also divine? Look at Acts 11:24: "For he [Barnabas]
was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith; and
many people were added unto the Lord" and Acts 5:32: "And
we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy
Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him." You should
also read Acts 6:5; II Peter 1:21; II Timothy 1:14; I Corinthians
2:16; Luke 1:41.
But Jesus was filled with the Holy Ghost while he was still
in his mother's womb.
The same was true with John the Baptist, for we read in Luke
1: 13, IS: "But the angel said unto him: 'Fear not, Zacharias,
for thy prayer is heard, and thy wife Elizabeth shall bear
thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. For he shall
be great in the sight of the Lord, and he shall be filled
with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. "'
But Jesus could do miracles. He fed five thousand people with
only five loaves and two fishes.
The same was done by Elisha and Elijah. Elisha fed a hundred
people with twenty barley loaves and a few ears of corn, for
II Kings 4:44 relates: "So he set it before them, and they
did eat, and left thereof, according to the word of the Lord."
Elisha secured the increase of a widow's oil and he said to
her, in II Kings 4:7: "Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt,
and live thou and thy children of the rest." See also I Kings
17:16: "And the barrel of meal wasted not neither did the
cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord, which
he speak by Elijah." Also I Kings 17:6: "And the ravens brought
him [Elijah] bread and flesh in the morning, bread and flesh
in the evening; and he drank of the brook."
But Jesus could heal leprosy.
So could Elisha, who told Naaman the leper to wash in the
Jordan river. As recounted in II Kings 5:14: "Then went he
[Naaman] down and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according
to the saying of the man of God [Elisha]: and his flesh came
again like unto a flesh of a little child, and he was clean."
But Jesus could cause a blind man to see again.
So could Elisha: II Kings 6:17: "And Elisha prayed, and said:
'Lord, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see.' And the
Lord opened the eyes of the young man: and he saw ...", II
Kings 6:20: "And it came to pass, when they were come into
Samaria, that Elisha said: 'Lord, open the eyes of these men,
that they may see.' And the Lord opened their eyes, and they
saw; and behold, they were in the midst of Samaria."
was also told to cause blindness: 11 Kings 6: 18: "And when
they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto the Lord, and said:
'Smite this people, I pray thee, with blindness.' And he smote
them with blindness according to the word of Elisha."
Jesus could raise the dead.
Compare that with Elijah: I Kings 17:22: "And the Lord heard
the voice of Elijah: and the soul of the child came into him
again, and he revived." Such a miracle was also attributed
to Elisha: II Kings 4:34: "And he [Elisha] went up, and lay
upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his
eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands, and he stretched
himself upon the child; and the flesh of the child waxed warm."
touching the bones of Elisha could restore a dead body to
life: II Kings 13:21: "And it came to Dass, as they were burying
a man, that, behold, they spied a band of men; and they cast
the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was
let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and
stood up on his feet."
But Jesus walked upon the water.
Moses stretched out his arms over the sea: Exodus 14:22: "And
the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon
the dry ground; and the waters were a wall unto them on their
right hand, and on their left."
But Jesus could cast out devils.
Jesus himself admitted that other people could do it: Matthew
12:27 and Luke 11:19: "And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils,
by whom do your children cast them out? Therefore shall they
be your judges. "
the disciples could cast out devils, as Jesus said: Matthew
7:22: "Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we
not prophesied in thy name, and in thy name have cast out
devils, and in thy name done many wonderful works?"
false prophets would do wonders, as prophesied by Jesus himself:
Matthew 24:24: "For there shall arise false Christ, and false
prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch
that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect."
But Elijah and Elisha did wonders through praying to the Lord.
Jesus also did the miracles with the grace of God, as he himself
said: John 5:30: "I can of mine own self do nothing ..." and
Luke 11:2): "But if I with the finger of God cast out devils,
no doubt the Kingdom of God is come upon you."
miracles performed by Jesus have been done by previous prophets,
disciples, and even unbelievers. On the other hand, Jesus
could do no mighty work where there was unbelief: Mark 6:5-6:
"And he could there do no mighty work save that he laid his
hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them. and he marveled
because of their unbelief. And he went around about the villages,
But Jesus was resurrected three days after he died.
We will talk about his crucifixion later, because there are
so many controversies about it. For now, I'll only say that
this was said by Paul, who never saw Jesus alive: II Timothy
2:8: "Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was
raised from the dead according to my gospel."
gospel of resurrection in Mark 16:9-20 has also been removed
in many Bibles. If it has not been removed, it is printed
in small print or between two brackets and with commentary.
See The Revised Standard version, The New American Standard
Bible, and The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures
of the Jehovah's Witnesses. Let me ask you one thing: Did
Jesus ever claim to be God or to say: "Here am I, your God,
and worship me?"
No, but he is God and man.
But did he ever claim that?
Indeed, he prophesied that people would worship him uselessly
and would believe in doctrines made not by God but by man:
Matthew 15:9: "But in vain they do worship me, teaching for
doctrines the commandments of men.
doctrines of modern Christianity are made by men: the Trinity,
the divine sonship of Jesus, the divinity of Jesus Christ,
and the doctrines Original Sin and Atonement. From Jesus'
own sayings, recorded in the New Testament, it is clear that
he never claimed divinity or identity with God: "I do nothing
of myself" (John 8:28); "My Father is greater than I" (John
14:28; "The Lord our God is one Lord" (Mark 12: 29); "My God,
my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Mark 15:34); and "Father,
into Thy hands I commend my spirit" (Luke 23:46); and "But
of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels
which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father" (Mark
13:32). Jesus was called a prophet, a teacher from God, His
servant, the Messiah, and later was escalated to the Son of
God, and then to God Himself.
us now use our reason: how can a mortal woman give birth to
slept while God never sleeps: Psalms 121:4: "Behold, he that
keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep." God should
be powerfulbut how could people spit on him and crucify
him as the Bible alleges? How could Jesus be God if he worshipped
God as any other mortal: Luke 5:16: "And he withdrew himself
into the wilderness, and prayed."
was tempted by Satan for forty days(Luke 4:1-13), but in James
1:13 it is said: "... for God cannot be tempted with evil
..." How can Jesus be God, then? We can rationalize further
Yes, I myself can't understand it, but we have to accept it
Doesn't that attitude contradict the Bible itself, which says
that you have to prove it: I Thessalonians 5:21: "Prove all
things; hold fast that which is good."
It's really confusing.
But I Corinthians 14:33 says: "For God is not the author of
confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints."
Doctrines made by men create confusion.
Doctrine of the Divine Sonship of Jesus
Is Jesus the Son of God?
Yes. Read in Matthew 3:17, when Jesus was baptized by John:
"And lo a voice from heaven, saying" 'This is my beloved Son,
in whom I am well pleased."'
You should not accept the word "son" literally, because the
Bible also refers to many prophets and other people as sons
and children of God. Read Exodus 4:22.
"And thou [Moses] shalt say unto Pharaoh: 'Thus saith the
Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn."'
Here is Jacob (Israel) His firstborn son. Read II Samuel 7:13-14
or I Chronicles 22:10.
"He [Solomon] shall build a house for My name, and I will
establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his
father and he shall be My son."
It will be confusing if you read Jeremiah 31:9: "I am a father
to Israel and Ephraim is my firstborn." In Exodus 4:22 just
now, Israel was called also called the firstborn. Who is the
real firstborn: Israel or Ephraim? Even common people can
be children of God. Read Deuteronomy 14:1.
"Ye are the children of the Lord your God."
Common people can also be called firstborn. Read Romans 8:29.
"For whom he did fore know, he also did predestinate to be
conformed to the image of his son, that he might be the firstborn
of many brethren."
If all are firstborn, then what is Jesus?
He is the only begotten son of God.
Long before Jesus was born, God said to David (Psalms 2:7):
"I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me [David]:
'Thou art my son; this day have I begotten thee."' So David
is also God's begotten son. The meaning of "Son of God" is
not literal but metaphorical. It can be anyone who is beloved
by God. Jesus also said that God is not only his Father but
also your Father (Matthew 5:45, 48).
"That ye may be the children of your Father" and "Be ye therefore
perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
You can see in many biblical passages that the phrase "Son
of God" signifies love and affection and neamess to God, and
that it is not to be applied to Jesus alone. You will see
sons and daughters of God: II Connthians 6:18: "And will be
a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters,
saith the Lord Almighty." In view of these and other passages
in the Bible, there is no reason why Jesus should be regarded
as the son of God in a literal or unique sense.
But he has no father. That is why he is the son of God.
Then you must also consider Adam as a son of God, for he had
no father or mother. In Luke 3:38, it is said "... Seth, who
was the son of Adam, who was the son of God." Read Hebrews
"Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither
beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the
son of God; abideth a priest continually."
Who is he? The answer is in Hebrews 7:1: "Melchisedec, king
of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham ..."
He is more unique than Jesus or Adam. Why is he not considered
a son of God or God Himself?
What do you call Jesus then?
Muslims call him Jesus, the son of Mary.
No one will deny this.
Yes, it is simple and nobody can deny it. Jesus called himself
the son of man and refused to be called son of God. Read Luke
"And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying:
'Thou art Christ, the Son of God. And he, rebuking them, suffered
them not to speak, for they knew that he was Christ."
It is clear here that he refused to be called the son of God.
He also refused such a designation in Luke 9:20-21, and told
his disciples not to refer to him that way.
"He [Jesus] said unto them [the disciples]: 'But whom say
ye that I am?' Peter, answering, said: 'The Christ of God.'
And he straightly charged them and commanded them to tell
no man that thing."
Jesus, who was the expected Messiah, a prophet, was escalated
from teacher to son of God, Lord, and finally to God Himself.
Read John 3:2: "The same came to Jesus by night, and said
unto him: 'Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from
God ..."; John 6:14: "Then those men, when they had seen the
miracle that Jesus did, said: 'This is of a truth that prophet
that should come into the world."' Jesus is also called a
prophet in John 7:40; Matthew 21:11; Luke 7:16 and 24:19.
In Acts 9:20, we read: "And straightway he [Paul] preached
Christ in the synagogues, that he is the son of God." (You
can conclude from here also that early Christians were still
using synagogues, but later when Christianity deviated from
the original teaching of Jesus, churches were established.
Paul, Barnabas, and the Gentiles were expelled from the synagogues,
as they were accused of blasphemy and pollution. See Acts
13:50, 17:18, and 21:28.). In Luke 2:11, it is said that:
"For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior,
who is Christ the Lord" and in John 1:1: "In the beginning
was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was
The Qur'an states in Surah 4:157 that Jesus was not crucified:
"And their [Jews'] boasting: 'We killed Messiah Jesus, Son of
Mary the Apostle of Allah, but they [Jews] killed him not, nor
crucified him ..." Do you still believe that he died on the
Yes, he died and was then resurrected.
We all agree that nobody saw the moment he was resurrected.
They found that the sepulchre in which Jesus had been laid
was empty and concluded that he had been resurrected, because
the disciples and other witnesses saw him alive after the
alleged crucifixion. Could it not be possible, as the Qur'an
claims, that he didn't die on the cross?
Where is the proof?
Let's look at the biblical passages that support this conclusion.
Do you give more weight to what Jesus said or to the hearsay
of the disciples, apostles, and other witnesses?
Of course more to what Jesus himself said.
That is in accordance with what Jesus said: Matthew 10:24:
"The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above
But Jesus himself said that he will rise from the dead: Luke
24:46: "And said unto them: 'Thus it is written, and thus
it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the
Suffering is often exaggerated in the Bible and termed "dead,"
as Paul said in I Corinthians T5:31: "I protest by your rejoicing
which I have in Christ, I die daily" (i.e., I suffer daily).
Here are some of the proofs:
On the cross, Jesus beseeched God for help: Matthew 27:46:
"My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" In Luke 22:42,
it is recounted: "Saying, Father if thou be willing, remove
this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but shine, be
done." (This cup is the cup of death.)
Jesus' prayer not to die on the cross was accepted by God,
according to Luke, the author of Hebrews, and James. Thus,
how could he die on the cross?: Luke 22:43: "And there appeared
an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him." It means
that an angel assured him that God would not leave him helpless:
Hebrews 5:7: "Who in the days of his flesh, when he [Jesus]
had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying
and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and
was heard in that he feared."
prayers were "heard," which means that they were answered
in a positive way by God: James 5:16: "... The effectual fervent
prayer of a righteous man availeth much." Jesus himself said
in Matthew 7:7-10: "Ask, and it shall be given you; seek,
and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.
For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth,
and to him who knocketh it shall be opened. Or what man is
there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him
a stone? Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?"
If all of Jesus' prayers were accepted by God, including his
prayer not to die on the cross, how could he still die on
His legs were not broken by the Roman soldiers: John 19:32-33:
"Then came the soldiers, and broke the legs of the first,
and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they
came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they broke
not his legs." Can you rely on these soldiers' assertion that
Jesus was dead, or did they want to save him out of their
belief that he was really innocent?
If Jesus died on the cross, his blood would clot and thus
no blood would have gushed out of his body when his side was
pierced. But the Gospel states that blood and water came out:
John 19:34: "But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced
his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water."
When the Pharisees asked Jesus for a sign of his true mission,
he answered: Matthew 12:40: "For as Jonas was three days and
three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of Man
be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."
Disregard the time factor, which was also not three days and
three nights but one day (Saturday, daytime only) and two
nights (Friday night and Saturday night). Was Jonas alive
in the belly of the whale?
Was Jonas still alive when he was vomited out of the belly
Then Jesus was still alive, as he prophesied.
Jesus himself stated that he didn't die on the cross. Early
Sunday morning Mary Magdalene went to the sepulchre, which
was empty. She saw somebody standing who looked like a gardener.
After a conversation, she realized that he was Jesus and wanted
to touch him. Jesus said, as recounted in John 20:17: "Touch
me not, for I am not yet ascended to my Father ..." "Touch
me not" perhaps because the fresh wound would hurt him. "I
am not yet ascended to my Father" means that he was still
alive, because when somebody dies he goes back to the Creator.
This was the strongest proof and was admitted by Jesus himself.
After the alleged crucifixion, the disciples thought that
he was not the same Jesus in body but in spirit, because resurrected
bodies are "in spirit."
Wait a minute. How can you be sure that resurrected bodies
are "in spirit"?
That is what Jesus himself said in the Bible: that they are
equal to angels.
Where does he say that?
In Luke 20: 34-36: "And answering said unto them: 'The children
of the world marry, and are given in marriage. But they which
shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and then resurrection
from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage. Neither
can they die any more for they are equal unto the angels,
and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection."'
Jesus convinced them that he was the same person by letting
them touch his hands and feet. As they could not believe him
yet, he asked for meat to show them that he still ate like
any living individual. Read Luke 24:36-41: "And as they [the
disciples] thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of
them, and saith unto them: 'Peace be unto you.' But they were
terrified and frightened, and supposed that they had seen
a spirit. And he said unto them: 'Why are ye troubled, and
why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and
my feet, that it is I myself. Touch me, and see, for a spins
hath not flesh and bones, as ye see that I have.' And when
he had thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet.
And while they yet believed not for Joy, and wondered, he
said unto them: 'Have ye here any meat?' And they gave him
a piece of broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took
it, and did eat before them."
If you still believe that he died on the cross, then he was
a false prophet and accursed of God according to these passages:
beuteronomy 13:5: "And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams,
shall be put to death ..."; Deuteronomy 21:22-23: "And if
a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be
put to death, and thou hang him on a tree: His body shall
not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any
wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed
of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the Lord thy
God giveth thee for an inheritance."
believe in his death on the cross is to discredit his prophethood.
The Jews claimed that they killed Jesus on the cross in order
to portray him as a false prophet. Christians believe in the
crucifixion, for it is necessary for their doctrine of redemption
of sin and, consequently, have to accept the accursedness
of Jesus, too. This Christian belief opposes the Bible's teaching
in Hosea 6:6: "For I desired mercy and not sacrifice, and
the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings." It also opposes
Jesus' own teaching in Matthew 9:13: "But go ye and learn
what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice ..."
Again Jesus said in Matthew 12:7: "But if ye had known what
this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would
not have condemned the guiltless."
Why do people believe in the resurrection then?
It was Paul who taught the resurrection: Acts 17:18: "...
And some [Jews] said: 'What will this babbler say?' To others,
He [Paul] seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods, because
he preached unto them Jesus and the resurrection." Paul, who
never saw Jesus, also admitted that the resurrection was his
gospel (II Timothy 2:8): "Remember that Jesus Christ of the
seed of David was raised from the dead according to my gospel."
He was also the first one to declare Jesus the Son of God:
Acts 9:20: "And straightway he [Paul] preached Christ in the
synagogues, that he is the Son of God." So Christianity is
not a teaching of Jesus but of Paul.
But Mark 16:19 states that Jesus was raised up to heaven and
sat on the right hand of God: "So then after the Lord had
spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat
on the right hand of God. "
As I told you earlier, Mark 16:9-20, has been expunged in
certain Bibles: The Revised Standard Version, The New American
Standard Bible and The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures
of the Jehovah's Witnesses Church. If you still believe that
Jesus is divine because he was raised up to heaven, why don't
you accept the divinity of other prophets who were raised
up to heaven?
Who were they?
Elijah: II Kings 2:1 1-12: "... and Elijah went up by a whirlwind
into heaven. And Elisha saw it, and he cried ... And he saw
him no more ..." Enoch was also taken by God to heaven: Genesis
5:24: "And Enoch walked with God, and he was not, for God
took him." This was also repeated in Hebrews 11:5: "By faith
Enoch was translated that he should not see death, and was
not found, because God translated him, for before his translation
he had this testimony, that he pleased God."
Doctrine of Atonement and Original
So the redemption of sin through the crucifixion of Jesus was
not part of Jesus' teaching?
This is the Doctrine of Atonement, which was accepted by the
Church three or four centuries after Jesus left the earth.
It contradicts the Bible, as the following passages show:
Deuteronomy 24:16: "The fathers shall not be put to death
for the children, neither shall the children be put to death
for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own
sin."; Jeremiah 31:30: "But every one shall die for his own
iniquity ...", Ezekiel 18:20: "The soul that sinneth, it shall
die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither
shall the father bear the iniquity of the son. The righteousness
of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of
the wicked shall be upon him." Adam and Eve were responsible
for their own sin, which was forgiven by Allah according to
the Islamic version.
But these are in the Old Testament.
Read what Jesus himself said in Matthew 7: 1-2.
"Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment
ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete,
it shall be measured to you again."
Read I Corinthians 3:8.
"Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one; and every
man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour."
But we believe in Original Sin!
Do you still want me to prove that children are born without
sin? Read Matthew 19:14.
"But Jesus said: 'Suffer not little children, and forbid them
not, to come unto me, for of such is the kingdom of heaven."
So everybody is born without sin and all children belong to
the kingdom of heaven. Do you know that it was Paul who abolished
the Mosaic law? Read Acts 13:39.
"And by him all that believe are justified from all things,
from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses."
Let me ask you a question. Why do you believe in the resurrection
if Paul himself, who never saw Jesus alive, admitted that
this was his gospel?
Where is it written?
Read II Timothy 2:8.
"Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised
from the dead according to my gospel." But why do we have
to believe that he was crucified and raised from the dead?
I don't know. Islam, the teaching of all of the prophets of
God, has not been contaminated with beliefs or concepts that
come from paganism and superstition.
That's what I'm looking for.
Why don't you consider the shahadah (witness) or testimony,
first in English and then in Arabic. Let me help you pronounce
I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, Who has no
partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and
messenger. Ashhadu an la illaha illa Allah, wahdahu la sharikah
lahu, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu.. Was
Prophet Muhammad ever mentioned in the Bible?
Yes, but it is not necessary for a Muslim to know it from
the Bible. As you have studied the Bible, I would like to
discuss it with you briefly next time.
The rest of the discussion will be conducted between two Muslims:
"M" and "m."
in the Bible
Ishmael and Isaac Were Blessed
Why did Ishmael and his mother Hagar leave Sarah?
After Isaac was weaned, his mother Sarah saw Ishmael mocking
him. After that, she didn't want Ishmael to be heir with her
son Isaac: Genesis 21:8-10: "And the child grew, and was weaned,
and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was
weaned. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which
she had born unto Abraham mocking. Wherefore she said unto
Abraham: 'Cast out this bondwoman and her son, for the son
of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with
Isaac was about two years old when he was weaned. Ishmael
was then sixteen years old, because Abraham was eighty six
years old when Hagar bore Ishmael and one hundred years old
when Isaac was born, according to Genesis 16:16: "And Abram
was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to
Abram" and Genesis 21:5: "And Abraham was a hundred years
old when his son Isaac was born unto him." Genesis 21:8-10
thus contradicts Genesis 21:14-21, where Ishmael was portrayed
as a baby put on the shoulder of his mother, called "lad"
and "child," when both left Sarah: "And Abraham rose up early
in the morning and took bread and a bottle of water, and gave
it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child ...'Arise,
lift up the lad, and hold him in shine hand ..."' This is
the profile of a baby, not of a teenager. So Ishmael and his
mother Hagar left Sarah long before Isaac was born. According
to the Islamic version, Abraham took Ishmael and Hagar and
made a new settlement in Makkah, called Paran in the Bible
(Genesis 21:21), because of a divine instruction given to
Abraham as a part of God's plan. Hagar ran seven times between
two hills, Safa and Marwa, looking for water. This is the
origin of one of the rituals that is performed during the
pilgrimage to Makkah. The well of water mentioned in Genesis
21:19 is still present and is known as called Zamzam. Both
Abraham and Ishmael later built the Ka'bah in Makkah. The
spot where Abraham used to perform prayers near the Ka'bah
is still present and is known as the Maqam Ibrahim, i.e.,
the Station of Abraham. During the pilgrimage, pilgrims in
Makkah and Muslims all over the world commemorate the offering
of Abraham and Ishmael by slaughtering cattle.
But the Bible mentions that Isaac was to be sacrificed.
The Islamic version states that the covenant between God,
Abraham, and his only son Ishmael was made and sealed when
Ishmael was supposed to be sacrificed. On the very same day,
Abraham, Ishmael, and all the men of Abraham's household were
circumcised. At that time, Isaac had not even born: Genesis
17:24-27: "And Abraham was ninety years old and nine when
he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And Ishmael
his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in
the flesh of his foreskin. In the selfsame day was Abraham
circumcised, and Ishmael his son. And all the men of his house,
born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger,
were circumcised with him."
year later, Isaac was born and circumcised when he was eight
days old: Genesis 21:4-5: "And Abraham circumcised his son
Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him. And
Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born
unto him." So when the covenant was made and sealed (circumcision
and sacrifice) Abraham was ninety nine and Ishmael was thirteen.
Isaac was born a year later, when Abraham was one hundred
descendants of Ishmael, Prophet Muhammad including all Muslims,
remain faithful until today to this covenant of circumcision.
In their five daily prayers, Muslims include the praise of
Abraham and his descendants with the praise of Muhammad and
But in Genesis 22 it is mentioned that Isaac was to be sacrificed.
I know, but you will see the contradiction there. It is mentioned
"shine only son Isaac." Shouldn't it be "shine only son Ishmael,"
when Ishmael was thirteen years old and Isaac had not even
been born? When Isaac was born, Abraham had two sons. Because
of chauvinism, the name of Ishmael was changed to Isaac in
all of Genesis 22. But God has preserved the word "only" to
show us what it should have been.
words "I will multiply thy seed" in Genesis 22:17 was applied
earlier to Ishmael in Genesis 16:10. Was not the whole of
Genesis 22 applicable to Ishmael then? "I will make him a
great nation" has been repeated twice for Ishmael in Genesis
17:20 and Genesis 21:18, and never applied to Isaac at all.
The Jews and Christians maintain that Isaac was superior to
They can say that if they want to, but the Bible does not
support this claim: Genesis 15:4: "And, behold, the word of
the Lord came unto him [Abraham], saying: 'This [Eliezer of
Damascus] shall not be shine heir, but he that shall come
forth out of shine own bowels shall be shine heir."' So Ishmael
was also Abraham's heir.
16:10: "And the angel of the Lord said unto her [Hager]: 'I
will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered
for multitude. "'
17:20: "And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee. Behold, I have
blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply
him exceedingly. Twelve princes shall he beget, and I will
make him a great nation."
21:13: "And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a
nation, because he is thy seed."
21:18: "Arise, lift up the lad [Ishmael], and hold him in
shine hand, for I will make him a great nation."
21:15-17: "If a man have two wives, one beloved and another
hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and
the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:
Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit that
which he hash, that he may not make the son of the beloved
firstborn before the son of the hated, which is indeed the
firstborn: But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for
the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that
he hash: for he is the beginning of the strength; the right
of the firstborn is his." Islam does not deny God's blessings
on Isaac and his descendants, but the son of promise is Ishmael,
from whom arose Muhammad as the seal of the prophets.
But Christians and Jews claim that Ishmael was an illegitimate
That is what they say, but not what the Bible states. How
could such a great prophet as Abraham have an illegal wife
and a son out of wedlock!
16:3: "... and [Sarah] gave her [Hager] to her husband Abram
to be his wife." If the marriage was legal, how could their
offspring be illegal? Is a marriage between two foreigners,
a Chaldean and an Egyptian, not more legal than a marriage
between a man with a daughter of his father? Whether it was
a lie of Abraham or not, it is stated in Genesis 20:12: "And
yet indeed she [Sarah] is my sister, she is the daughter of
my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became
name Ishmael was also chosen by Allah Himself: Genesis 16:11:
"And the Angel of the Lord said unto her [Hager]: 'Behold,
thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call
his name Ishmael, because the Lord hath heard thy affliction."'
Ishmael means "God hears." Where in the Bible is it written
that Ishmael was an illegitimate son?
Long before both Ishmael and Isaac were born, Allah made a
covenant with Abraham: Genesis 15:18: "... saying Unto thy
seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto
the great river, the Euphrates." Doesn't the greater part
of Arabia lie between the Nile and the Euphrates, where all
the descendants of Ishmael settled at a later date?
Do you mean that no land was promised to Isaac and his descendants?
We Muslims don't deny that Isaac was also blessed. See Genesis
17:8: "And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed [Isaac]
after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the
land Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be
you see also the difference that Abraham was called "a stranger"
in Canaan but not in the land between the Nile and the Euphrates?
As a Chaldean, he was more Arab than Jew.
But the covenant was made with Isaac, according to Genesis
17:21: "But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which
Sarah shall bear unto thee at this time in the next year."
Does this exclude Ishmael? Where in the Bible does it say
that Allah would not make any covenant with Ishmael?
of the Prophet by Jeremiah
28:9: "The prophet which prophesieth of peace, when the word
of the prophet shall come to pass, then shall the prophet be
known, that the Lord hath truly sent him."
word Islam also signifies tranquillity and peace, peace between
the Creator and his creatures. This prophecy of Jeremiah cannot
be applied to Jesus, as he himself stated that he didn't come
for peace: Luke 12:51-53: "Suppose ye that I am come to give
peace on earth? I tell you nay, but rather division, for from
henceforth there will be five in one house divided, three
against two and two against three. The father shall be divided
against the son, and the son against the father; the mother
against the daughter, and the daughter against the mother;
the mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and the daughter-in-law
against her mother-in-law." See also Matthew 10:34-36.
was a message of Jacob to his children before he died: Genesis
49:1): "And Jacob called unto his sons, and said: 'Gather yourselves
together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in
the last days. "
49:10: "The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a law
giver from between his feet, until Shiloh come. And unto him
shall the gathering of the people be."
is also the name of a town, but its real meaning is peace,
tranquillity, restIslam. It could never refer to a town
here. If it referred to a person, it could be a corruption
of Shaluah (Elohim), i.e., Messenger (of Allah) .
the Israelite prophethood in the lineage of Isaac would stop
as soon as Shiloh came. This corresponds with Surah 2:133:
"Were you witnesses when death came to Jacob? When he said
to his sons: 'What will you worship after me?' They said:
'We shall worship your God [Allah], the God of your fathers
Abraham, Ishmael, and Isaac, One God and to Him we surrender
shift of prophethood to another nation was threatened in Jeremiah
31:36: "'If those ordinances depart from before me,' saith
the Lord, 'then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being
a nation before me for ever."' This was also hinted at by
Jesus in Matthew 21:43: "Therefore say I unto you: 'The kingdom
of God shall be taken from you and given to a nation bringing
forth the fruits
Holy Ka'bah, which was built by Abraham and his son Ishmael,
is in Makkah. This name Makkah has been mentioned once in the
Qur'an in Surah 48:24. Another name for Makkah is Bakkah, depending
on the dialect of the tribe. This also has been mentioned once,
in Surah 3:96: "Verily, the first House [of worship] appointed
for mankind was that in Bakkah [Makkah], full of blessing, and
guidance for all people." Amazing enough, this word Bakkah was
mentioned by Prophet David in his Psalm 84:6: "Who passing through
the valley of Baca make it a well, the rain also filleth the
pools." The well here is the well known well of Zamzam, which
is still present today and is located close to the Ka'bah.
House of My Glory
"Arise shine, for thy light is come, and the glory of the
Lord is risen upon thee." Compare the with Surah 74:1-3: 0,
you [Muhammad] wrapped up in garments! Arise and warn! And
your Lord magnify!
"For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross
darkness the people, but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and
his glory shall be seen upon thee." The advent of Prophet
Muhammad was at a time of darkness when the world had forgotten
the oneness of God as taught by Abraham and all of the other
prophets, including Jesus.
"And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the
brightness of thy rising."
"Lift up shine eyes round about, and see: all they gather
themselves together, they come to thee: ...." Within less
than twenty three years the whole of Arabia was united.
"... because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto
thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee." Within
less than a century, Islam had spread beyond the borders of
"The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries
of Midian and Ephah, all they from Sheba shall come, they
shall bring gold and incense, and they shall shew forth the
praises of the Lord."
"All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee,
the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee. They shall
come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify
the house of my glory." The tribes of Kedar (Arabia) who were
divided were then united. "The house of my glory," referred
here to the House of Allah in Makkah and not the Church of
Christ as thought by Christian commentators. It is a fact
that the villages of Kedar (now the whole of Saudi Arabia
at least) are located in the only country in the world that
remains impenetrable to the Church's influence.
"Therefore thy gates shall be open continually. They shall
not be shut day nor night, that men may bung unto thee the
forces of the Gentiles and that their kings may be brought."
It is a fact that the mosque surrounding the Holy Ka'bah in
Makkah has remained open day and night since the Prophet Muhammad
removed the idols located within it fourteen centuries ago.
Rulers as well as subjects came for the pilgrimage.
of Asses and Chariot of Camels
vision of Isaiah of the two riders in Isaiah 21:7: "And he saw
a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and
a chariot of camels ..."
was the rider upon an ass? Every Sunday School student knows
that this person was Jesus: John 12:14: "And Jesus, when he
had found a young ass, sat thereon, as it is written."
then, is the promised rider on a camel? This powerful prophet
has been overlooked by readers of the Bible. This person is
Prophet Muhammad. If this is not applied to him, then the
prophecy has yet to be fulfilled. That is why lsaiah mentioned
in 21:13: "The burden upon Arabia ...," which means the responsibility
of the Arab Muslims, and of course now of all Muslims, to
spread the message of Islam.
21:14: "The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water
to him that was thirsty, and they prevented with their bread
him that fled." Tema is probably Madinah, the city to which
Prophet Muhammad and his Companions immigrated. Each immigrant
was joined to a citizen of Madinah in ties of brotherhood
by the Prophet. The immigrants were also given food and shelter.
21:15: "For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword
and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war."
This was when Prophet Muhammad and his Companions were persecuted
and left Makkah for Madinah.
21:16: "For thus hath the Lord said unto me: 'Within a year,
according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of
Kedar shall fail."' Exactly in the second year of Hijrah (immigration),
the pagans were defeated in the battle of Badr
Isaiah 21:17 concludes with "... the mighty men of the children
of Kedar shall be diminished, for the Lord God of Israel hath
spoken it." Kedar is the second son of Ishmael (Genesis 25:13),
from whom ultimately Prophet Muhammad arose. In the beginning,
the children of Kedar were attacking Muhammad and his Companions.
But as many of them accepted Islam, the number of children
of Kedar who resisted began to diminish. In some Bible verses,
"Kedar" is synonymous with "Arab" in general, as in Ezekiel
27:21: "Arabia, and all the Princes of Kedar ..."
Prophet Like unto Moses
addressed Moses: Deuteronomy 18:18: "I will raise them up a
prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee [Moses], and
will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them
all that I shall command him."
Brethren of Israelites (descendants of Abraham through Isaac)
are Ishmaelites (descendants of Abraham through Ishmael).
Jesus is here excluded, as he is an Israelite. Otherwise it
should be written "a prophet from among yourselves."
Is Muhammad not like unto Moses? If this is not accepted,
this promise has yet to be fulfilled. The table below, taken
from Al-lttihad (January-March 1982), page 41, is self explanatory:
is a comparison between a few crucial characteristics of Moses,
Muhammad, and Jesus which may clarify the identity of "that
prophet" who was to come after Moses:
Emigration (in adulthood):
down of Revelation:
his lifetime (Torah)
his lifetime (Qur'an)
of his Leadership (by his people)
(by most Israelites)
3. "Put my words in his mouth." God's revelation came through
Gabriel, and Prophet Muhammad's own thinking was not involved.
But this applies to all divine revelation. Perhaps it is mentioned
here specifically because it is compared with the revelation
to Moses, which is believed to have been revealed on "written
18:19: "And it shall come to pass that whosoever will not
hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will
require it of him."
the Qurtan, 113 of the 114 surahs start with the phrase: "In
the name of Allah, most Gracious, most Merciful." This phrase
is also a common part of a Muslim's daily speech, for it is
used when beginning a new activity. It is not in the name
of God, but "in my name"God's personal name is Allah.
It has no gender or plural forms, as the English word "God"
does. Christians start with "In the name of the Father, the
Son, and the Holy Spirit."
should also be noted that those who will not hear or accept
the message that he brings will be punished. This corresponds
with surah 3:19: Truly the religion in the sight of Allah
is Islam and surah 3:85: And whoever desires a religion other
than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter
he will be one of the losers.
Servant, Messenger, and Elect
clearer furfillment of the prophecy of Muhammad is found in
"Behold my servant, whom I uphold, mine elect, in whom my
soul delighteth. I have put my spirit upon him, and he shall
bring forth judgment to the Gentiles." He is also called "my
messenger" in verse 19. No doubt all prophets were indeed
servants, messengers, and the elect of Allah. Yet no prophet,
with the exception of Muhammad, is universally called by these
specific titles. In Arabic, these are: Abduhu wa Rasuluhu
MustaphaHis servant and His elected messenger. The testimony
of a person accepting Islam is: "I bear witness that there
is no deity but Allah, Who has no partner, and I bear witness
that Muhammad is His servant and messenger." This same formula
is repeated five times a day in the call to prayer before
the beginning of each prayer, nine times a day in the tashahhud
during the minimum obligatory prayers, and several more times
if a Muslim performs any of the additional recommended prayers.
The most common title of Prophet Muhammad is Rasul Allah,
which means "the Messenger of Allah."
"He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be
heard in the street." This describes the decency of Prophet
"... he shall bring forth judgment unto truth."
"He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he has set judgment
in the earth; and the isles shall wait for his law." This
is to be compared with Jesus, who did not prevail over his
enemies and who was disappointed because of the rejection
by the Israelites.
"I, the Lord, have called thee in righteousness, and will
hold shine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant
of the people, for a light of the Gentiles." The phrase "and
will keep thee" indicates that no other prophet will come
after him. In a short time, many Gentiles embraced Islam.
"To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the
prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house."
"Blind eyes, life of darkness" denotes pagans and their paganism.
"Bring out the prisoners from the prison" denotes the abolishment
of slavery for the first time in the history of mankind.
"I am the Lord. That is my name, and my glory I will not give
to another, neither my praise to graven images." Prophet Muhammad
is unique among all prophets, as he is the "seal of the prophets"
and his teachings remain undistorted until today, as compared
with Christianity and Judaism.
"Sing unto the Lord a new song, and his praise from the end
of the earth, ...." A new song, as it is not in Hebrew or
Aramaic, but in Arabic. The praise of God and His messenger
Muhammad is chanted five times daily from the minarets of
millions of mosques all over the world.
"Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice,
the villages that Kedar cloth inhabit: let the inhabitants
of the rock sing, let them shout from the toP of the mountains."
From Mount Arafat near Makkah the pilgrims chant every year
the following: "Here I come [for Your service] O, Allah. Here
I come. Here I come. There is no partner with you. Here I
come. Verily Yours is the praise, the blessings, and sovereignty.
There is no partner besides You." Isaiah 42 can never be applied
to an Israelite prophet, as Kedar is the second son of Ishmael.
See Genesis 25:13.
"Let them give glory unto the Lord and declare his praise
in the islands." And really Islam spread to the small islands
as far as Indonesia and the Caribbean sea.
"... he shall prevail against his enemies." In a short period,
the Kingdom of God on earth was established with the advent
of Muhammad. This forty second chapter of Isaiah fits the
character of Prophet Muhammad exactly.
David Called Him "My Lord"
110:1: "The Lord said unto my Lord: 'Sit thou at my right hand,
until I make shine enemies thy footstool."'
are two Lord mentioned here. If the first Lord (the speaker)
is God, the second Lord (the one spoken to) could not also
be God, for David knew only one God. So it should read: "God
said unto my Lord, ..." Who was that whom David called "my
Lord"? The Church would say Jesus. But this was denied by
Jesus himself in Matthew 22:45, Mark 12:37, and Luke 20:44.
He excluded himself from this title, as he was a son of David.
How could David call him "my Lord" if he was his son, he argued.
Jesus said, in Luke 20:42-44: "How say they that Christ is
David's son? And David himself saith in the book of Psalms:
'The Lord said unto my Lord, sit thou on my right hand till
I make shine enemies thy footstool.' David therefore calleth
him Lord. How is he then his son?"
must have given an answer not recorded in the four canonical
Gospels. However, it is mentioned explicitly in the Gospel
of Barnabas that the promise was made to Ishmael, not to Isaac.
David's "Lord" was thus Muhammad, whom he saw in spirit. No
prophet ever accomplished more than Muhammad. Even the combined
work of all of the other prophets remains small in comparison
with that of Muhammad, who, during a twenty three year period,
was able to leave a legacyIslamthat remains unchanged
Thou That Prophet?
Jews sent priests and Levites to John the Baptist to ask who
he really was. John 1:20-21: "And he [John the Baptist] confessed
and denied not; but confessed, 'I am not the Christ.' And they
asked him: 'What then? Art thou Elias? 'And he saith: 'I am
not.' 'Art thou that prophet?' And he answered: 'No."'
crucial question here is: Art thou that prophet? Who was the
long awaited prophet who was to come after the advent of Jesus
and John the Baptist? Was he not the one like unto Moses (Deuteronomy
18:18) who is Muhammad?
with the Holy Ghost and with Fire
3:1 1: "I [John the Baptist] indeed baptize you with water unto
repentance, but he that cometh after me is mightier than I,
whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: He shall baptize you with
the Holy Ghost, and with fire."
Jesus was alluded to here, John the Baptist would not have
gone back to live in the desert again, but would have clung
to him and become one of his disciples, which he did not do.
Thus John was alluding to another Dowerful prophet here. The
one coming after John the Baptist could not be Jesus, as both
were contemporaries. Here again, was it not Prophet Muhammad
who was being alluded to by John the Baptist?
Least in the Kingdom of Heaven
was quoted, in Matthew 11:11, as saying: "Verily I say unto
you. Among them that are born of women there hath not risen
a greater man than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that
is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he."
you believe that John the Baptist is greater than Adan., NG".,
Abraham, Moses, David, and many other prophets? How many pagans
did John the Baptist convert, and how many followers did he
have? But this is not the main point here. The question is:
who was the least in the kingdom of heaven, greater than John
the Baptist? For sure not Jesus, as at that time the kingdom
of heaven was not yet formed and he never claimed to be the
least, i.e., the youngest one. The kingdom of heaven consists
of God as the Supreme Being and all of the prophets. The least
or youngest one is here Prophet Muhammad.
Are the Peacemakers
his Sermon on the Mount, Jesus was quoted, in Matthew 5:9, as
saying: "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called
the children of God."
of the meanings of the word "Islam" is peace: peace between
the Creator and the worshiper. Jesus could not mean that his
mission was that of a peacemaker, as he stated clearly that
he had not been sent for that purpose (Matthew 10:34-36):
"Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not
to send peace, but a sword. For I am come to set a man at
variance against his father, and the daughter against her
mother, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.
And a man's foes shall be they of his own household." See
also Luke 12:49-53.
14:16: "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another
Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever."
do not know exactly the original Aramaic word used by Jesus
for "Comforter." Other Bibles use "Consoler," '`Advocate,"
"Helper," and in Greek Bibles we find the word "Paraclete."
There are different explanations for it, among them "Holy
Spirit" and "the Word. "
Qur'an states in surah 61:6 that Jesus explicitly mentioned
the name Ahmad: "And (remember) when Jesus, Son of Mary, said:
'O, children of Israel! I am the Apostle of Allah (sent) to
you confirming the Torah (which came) before me, and giving
glad tidings of an Apostle to come after me, whose name shall
be Ahmad (i.e., the second name of Prophet Muhammad, and literally
it means "the one who praises Allah more than others")."
the explanation is of the Comforter, we conclude that Jesus
left an unfinished work and that someone was coming to complete
his mission. Let us examine, in the light of the Bible, if
this Comforter fits the character of Prophet Muhammad:
"Another Comforter": So many Comforters had come, and another
one was to come. 2. "That he may abide with you for ever":
As there was no need for another one to come after him, and
he was the seal of all prophets. The teaching will abide for
ever and will remain intact. In fact, the Qurtan and all of
the teachings of Prophet Muhammad remain as they were 1400
"He will reprove the world of sin": (see John 16: 8) All other
prophets, even Abraham, Moses, David, and Solomon chastised
their neighbors and their people for sin, but not the world
as Muhammad did. He not only rooted out idolatry in Arabia
within a twenty three year period, but also sent envoys to
Heraclius, the sovereigns of the Persian and Roman empires,
to Najashi (the king of Ethiopia), and to Muqauqis (the governor
of Egypt). He reprimanded the Christians for dividing the
unity of God into three portions, for having raised Jesus
to a Son of God and then to God Himself. It was he who condemned
the Jews and Christians for having corrputed their scriptures,
demonstrated the birthright of Ishmael, and cleared the prophets
from accusations of adultery, incest, rape, and idolatry.
"The prince of the world is judeed" (John 16:11). This is
Satan, as explained in John 12:31 and 14:30. So Prophet Muhammad
came to chastise the world on account of judgment.
"The Spirit of Truth" (John 16: 13). Since childhood, Prophet
Muhammad was called al-Amin, i.e., the Honest or Truthful
One. This person will also come and "he will guide you into
all truth: ..." (John 16:13).
"For he shall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall
hear, that shall he speak" (John 16:13). The Qur'an is God's
word. Not a single word from Prophet Muhammad or his Companions
was included within it. The angel Gabriel read it to him,
he memorized it, and it was written down by his scribes. His
own sayings and teachings were recorded in the hadith or (lit.
this with Deuteronomy 18:18: "... and will put my words in
his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command
him." This corresponds with surah 53:2-4: "Your companion
[Muhammad] is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he
speak of [his own] desire. It is only the inspiration that
"And he will show you things to come" (John 16: 13). Many
prophecies of Prophet Muhammad have already come to pass,
and the rest will be fulfilled in the future.
"He shall glorify me (John 16:14). Actually, the Qurtan and
Prophet Muhammad have more reverence for Jesus than do the
Bible and Christians themselves. The following will clarify
To believe in Jesus' death on the cross discredits his prophethood,
according to Deuteronomy 13:5: "And that prophet, or that
dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death ..." It also stamps
him as accursed, (May Allah forbid it!) according to Deuteronomy
21:22-23: "... for he that is hanged is accursed of God .
Matthew 27:46: "... My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken
me?" Would Jesus have said such a thing? Even a non prophet
would smile at agony, as he would know that his death would
win him the title of martyr. Is this not an insult to Jesus
and an insinuation that he did not have faith in Allah?
We Muslims cannot believe that Jesus could label the Gentiles
as dogs and swine and address his mother with "woman," as
the Qurtan states in surah 19:32: "And dutiful to my Mother
[i.e. Mary], and [Allah] made me not an unblessed and arrogant."
Matthew 7:6: "Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither
cast ye your pearls before swine ..." John 2:4: "Jesus saith
unto her [Mary], Woman, what have I to do with thee?"
to Prophet Muhammad
first revelation (surah 96: 1-5) of Allah through the angel
Gabriel to Muhammad was the word iqra', which means "read."As
he was illiterate, he replied: "I cannot read." This first revelation
was prophesied in Isaiah 29:12: "And the book is delivered to
him that is not learned, saying: 'Read this, I pray thee,' and
he saith: 'I am not learned. "'
Qurtanic verses were not revealed in the order in which they
appear in the Qur'an. In other words, the first part that
was revealed is not the first page and the last part that
was revealed is not the last page. That these revelations
came in installments and were inserted in a certain order
in the Qurtan as ordained by Allah was also mentioned in Isaiah
28:10-11: "For precept must be upon precept, precept upon
precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and
there a little. For with stammering lips and another tongue
will he speak to his people." Another tongue means here another
languagenot Hebrew or Aramaic, but Arabic
all over the world use one language "Arabic" in calling their
God, in their prayers, pilgrimage, and in their greetings
to each other. This unity of language was also prophesied
in Zephaniah 3:9: "For then will I turn to the people a pure
language, that they may all call upon the name of the Lord,
to serve him with one consent." Alas the truth has come in
Arabic, but some still expect Prophet Jesus, who might teach
mankind to worship Allah in one unique language in his second
coming. We Muslims are sure that Prophet Jesus, in his second
coming, will join the Muslims in their mosques, as he is like
any other Muslim: he is circumcised, abstains from pork, and
performs prayers with ablution, and that he stands, bows,
and prostrates during his prayers.
Explanatory English Translation of Holy Qur'an, by Dr. Muhammad
TaquiDin al-Hilali and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan.
2. The Holy Bible (King James Version), authorized 1611.
3. The Holy Bible (Revised Standard Version).
4. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (Jehovah's
5. New American Standard Bible.
6. The Myth of the Cross, by A. D. Ajijola.
7. The Cross and the Crescent, by Maulana Muhammad Imran.
8. Davis Dictionary of the Bible, 1980.
9. The International Standard Bible Enyclopedia.
10. Smith's Bible Dictionary, 1980.
11. The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1980.
12. Muhammad in the Bible, by Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud.
13 Muhammad in the Bible, by Ahmed Deedat.
14 Jesus: A Prophet of Islam, by Sulaiman Shahid Mufassir.
15. Biblical Studies from Muslim Perspectives, by S. Mufassir.
16. Muhammad in the Bible, by Jamal Badawi: Al-lttihad (January-March
1982). 1 While it has become customary to take off one's shoes
in a mosque, it is sunnah to pray with one's shoes on. (See
Sunan Abu Dawood.)