Surah Kafiroon (109)
Say: "Oh, you who disbelieve!
I do not worship that which you worship,
Nor do you worship That Which I worship.
Nor will I worship that which you have been worshipping,
Neither will you worship That Which I worship.
To you your religion and to me mine."
It is narrated by Muslim that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
`alayhi wa sallam used to recite this Soorah with Soorah al-Ikhlaas
in two rak`ahs following tawaaf of the Ka`bah; it is also narrated
by Muslim that he used to recite them in the two rak`ahs of fajr
prayer; and Imam Ahmad narrates that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu
`alayhi wa sallam used to recite them in the two rak`ahs before
fajr prayer and in the two rak`ahs of maghrib prayer.
It has also been narrated that Soorah al-Kaafiroon is equivalent
to one quarter of the Quraan. The Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi
wa sallam, also said: "Read: <Say: Oh, you who disbelieve,>,
then sleep at the end of it because it is freedom from shirk (associating
partners with Allah)." This Soorah is freedom from shirk and
it si an order to purify our faith (for Allah only) and the Words
<Say: Oh you who disbelieve,> includes all those
who disbelieve in the world although those specifically addressed
are the pagans of the Quraish. It was said that they proposed that
the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, worship their
gods for a year, then they would worship That Which he worshipped
(Allah) for a year, and so on. And so this Soorah was revealed containing
an order tot he Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam to declare
his rejection of all that which they worship, and to say: <I
do not worship that which you worship>, that is, their idols
and the partners they associate with Allah.
<Nor do you worship That Which I worship>, that is, Allah,
Alone without partners.
<Nor will I worship that which you have been worshipping, neither
will you worship That Which I worship>, that is, I will not follow
your mode of worship and I will worship only Allah in the way which
<Neither will you worship That Which I worship> means, neither
will you follow the Commands of Allah and His prescribed way of
worship; indeed you have invented a thing for yourselves, as in
his Words: <They follow nothing but their own opinions and the
[vain] desires of themselves, and Guidance has already come to them
from their Lord> (Soorah an-Najm 53:23). And so he rejected all
of their shirk, for the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu `alayhi wa
sallam, and all those who follow him worship Allah in the way prescribed
by Him; for this reason the testimony of the Muslim is Laa ilaha
ill Allah, Muhammadur-Rasoolullah None is worthy of worship
except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And there is
no way to worship Him except that which was brought by the Messenger
of Allah, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam. The polytheists worship
deities besides Allah in a way not permitted by Allah and so He
told the Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam to say to them: <To
you your religion and to me mine>, as in His Words: <And if
they reject you, then say: "To me my deeds and to you your
deeds and you are innocent of my accounts and I am innocent of yours.">
(Soorah Yoonus 10:41) and <For us our deeds and for you your
deeds> (Soorah al-Qasas 28:55). According to al-Bukhaari <your
religion> means kufr (disbelief) and <my religion> means
Islaam. Abu `Abdillah Ash-Shaafi`i says that the verse <To you
your religion and to me mine> shows that the disbelievers are
because disbelief in all its many manifestations
has one thing in common that is, falsity. This is the end
of the tafseer of Soorah al-Kaafiroon, all praise is due to Allah
and from Him proceeds all Grace.