001  Al Fâtihah
002  Al Baqarah
003  Âl 'Imrân
004  An Nisâ'
005  Al Mâ'idah
006  Al An'âm
007  Al A'râf
008  Al Anfâl
009  At Taubah
010  Yûnus
011  Hûd
012  Yûsuf
013  Ar Ra'd
014  Ibrahîm
015  Al Hijr
016  An Nahl
017  Al Isrâ'
018  Al Kahf
019  Maryam
020  Tâ Hâ
021  Al Anbiyâ'
022  Al Hajj
023  Al Mu'minûn
024  An Nûr
025  Al Furqân
026  Ash Shu'arâ'
027  An Naml
028  Al Qasas
029  Al 'Ankabût
030  Ar Rûm
031  Luqmân
032  As Sajdah
033  Al Ahzâb
034  Saba'
035  Fâtir
036  Yâ Sîn
037  As Sâffât
038  Sâd
039  Az Zumar
040  Ghâfir
041  Fussilat
042  Ash-Shûra
043  Az Zukhruf
044  Ad Dukhân
045  Al Jâthiya
046  Al Ahqâf
047  Muhammad
048  Al Fath
049  Al Hujurât
050  Qâf
051  Az Zâriyât
052  At Tûr
053  An Najm
054  Al Qamar
055  Ar Rahmân
056  Al Wâqi'ah
057  Al Hadîd
058  Al Mujâdilah
059  Al Hashr
060  Al Mumtahinah
061  As Saff
062  Al Jumu'ah
063  Al Munafiqûn
064  At Taghâbun
065  At Talâq
066  At Tahrîm
067  Al Mulk
068  Al Qalam
069  Al Hâqqah
070  Al Ma'ârij
071  Nûh
072  Al Jinn
073  Al Muzzammil
074  Al Muddaththir
075  Al Qiyâmah
076  Al Insân
077  Al Mursalât
078  An Naba'
079  An Nazi'ât
080  'Abasa
081  At-Takwîr
082  Al Infitâr
083  Al Mutaffifîn
084  Al Inshiqâq
085  Al Burûj
086  At Târiq
087  Al A'lâ
088  Al Ghâshiyah
089  Al Fajr
090  Al Balad
091  Ash-Shams
092  Al Lail
093  Ad Duha
094  Ash Sharh
095  At Tin
096  Al 'Alaq
097  Al Qadr
098  Al Baiyinah
099  Az-Zalzalah
100  Al 'Adiyât
101  Al Qâri'ah
102  At Takâthur
103  Al 'Asr
104  Al Humazah
105  Al Fîl
106  Quraish
107  Al Mâ'ûn
108  Al Kauthar
109  Al Kâfirûn
110  An Nasr
111  Al Masad
112  Al Ikhlâs
113  Al Falaq
114  An Nâs

The Tafsir of Al-Mu'awwidhatayn

Tafsir of Surah An-Nas (Mankind)

Revealed in Medina

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

1. Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas.
2. The King of An-Nas.
3. The God of An-Nas.
4. From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.
5. Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.
6. Of Jinn and An-Nas.

   These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are Lordship, Sovereignty and Divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

It is confirmed in the Sahih that he (the Prophet ) said, "There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him." They (the Companions) said, "What about you, 0 Messenger of Allah?” He replied, "Yes. However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good." [1]

It is also confirmed in the two Sahihs from Anas, who reported the story of Safiyyah when she came to visit the Prophet while he was performing I’tikaf that he went out with her during the night to walk her back to her house. So, two men from the Ansãr met him (on the way). When they saw the Prophet , they began walking swiftly. So, the Messenger of Allah said, "Slow down! This is Safiyyah bint Huyay!" They said, “Glory be to Allah, O' Messenger of Allah!" He said, "Verily, Shaytan runs in the Son of Adam like the running of the blood. And verily, I feared that he might cast something into your hearts — or he said — evil." [2]

Said bin Jubayr reported that Ibn ‘Abbãs said concerning Allah’s statement,

"The whisperer (Al-Waswãs) who withdraws."

“The devil who is squatting (perched) upon the heart of the Son of Adam. So when he becomes absentminded and heedless he whispers. Then, when he remembers Allah he withdraws.” [3] Mujãhid and Qatadah also said this. [4]

Mu’tamir bin Sulayman reported that his father said, “It has been mentioned to me that Shaytan is Al-Waswas. He blows into the heart of the Son of Adam when he is sad and when he is happy. But when he (man) remembers Allah , Shaytan withdraws.” [5]

Al-’Awfi reported from Ibn ‘Abbäs;

"The whisperer."

“He is Shaytan. He whispers and then when he is obeyed, he withdraws." [6]

As for Allah’s saying;

"Who whispers in the breasts of An-Näs (mankind)."

Is this specific for the Children of Adam as is apparent, or is it general, including both mankind and Jinns? There are two views concerning this. This is because they (the Jinns) are also included in the usage of the word An-Nas (the people) in most cases.
Ibn Jarir said, “The phrase Rijalun min Al-Jinn[7] (Men from the Jinns) has been used in reference to them, so it is not strange for the word An-Nas to be applied to them also."[8] Then Allah says,

"Of Jinn and An-Nãs."

Is this explanatory of Allah’s statement,

"Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nãs."

Then, Allah explains this by saying,

"0f Jinn and An-Nãs."

This is supportive of the second view. It has also been said that Allah’s saying,

"0f Jinn and An-Nãs."

is an explanation of who is it that whispers into the breasts of mankind from the devils of mankind and Jinns. This is similar to Allah’s saying,

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shayatin among mankind and Jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion. (6:112)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn ‘Abbas said, “A man came to the Prophet and said, "O' Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I say things to myself that I would rather fall from the sky than say (aloud openly)." The Prophet said, "Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! All praise is due to Allah . Who sent his (Shaytan’s) plot back as only a whisper."[9] Abu Dãwud and An-Nasã’i also recorded this Hadith.[10]

This is the end of the Tafsir. All praise and thanks are due to Allah , the Lord of all that exists.

Every effort has been made to assure the accuracy of this publication. If, however, any errors are noticed by the reader, we would kindly request notification to be corrected in future editions.

[1]  Muslim no. 2167.
[2]  Fath Al-Bàri 4:326.
[3]  At-Tabari 24:709.
[4]  At-Tabari 24 :710.
[5]  At-Tabari 24 :710.
[6]  At-Tabari 24 :710.
[7]  He is referring to Surat Al-Jinn 72:6.
[8]  At-Tabari 24:711.
[9]  Ahmad 1:235.
[10] Abu Dãwud 5:336, and An-Nasã’i in Al-Kubra 6:1710