1. (Inevitable) cometh (to pass)
the Command of Allah. seek ye not then to hasten it: Glory
to Him, and far is He above having the partners they ascribe
2. He doth send down His angels
with inspiration of His Command, to such of His servants
as He pleaseth, (saying): "Warn (Man) that there is no god
but I: so do your duty unto Me."
3. He has created the heavens and
the earth for just ends: Far is He above having the partners
they ascribe to Him!
4. He has created man from a sperm-drop;
and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!
5. And cattle He has created for
you (men): from them ye derive warmth, and numerous benefits,
and of their (meat) ye eat.
6. And ye have a sense of pride
and beauty in them as ye drive them home in the evening,
and as ye lead them forth to pasture in the morning.
7. And they carry your heavy loads
to lands that ye could not (otherwise) reach except with
souls distressed: for your Lord is indeed Most Kind, Most
8. And (He has created) horses,
mules, and donkeys, for you to ride and use for show; and
He has created (other) things of which ye have no knowledge.
9. And unto Allah leads straight
the Way, but there are ways that turn aside: if Allah had
willed, He could have guided all of you.
10. It is He who sends down rain
from the sky: from it ye drink, and out of it (grows) the
vegetation on which ye feed your cattle.
11. With it He produces for you
corn, olives, date-palms, grapes and every kind of fruit:
verily in this is a sign for those who give thought.
12. He has made subject to you
the Night and the Day; the sun and the moon; and the stars
are in subjection by His Command: verily in this are Signs
for men who are wise.
13. And the things on this earth
which He has multiplied in varying colours (and qualities):
verily in this is a sign for men who celebrate the praises
of Allah (in gratitude).
14. It is He Who has made the
sea subject, that ye may eat thereof flesh that is fresh
and tender, and that ye may extract therefrom ornaments
to wear; and thou seest the ships therein that plough the
waves, that ye may seek (thus) of the bounty of Allah and
that ye may be grateful.
15. And He has set up on the earth
mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you;
and rivers and roads; that ye may guide yourselves;
16. And marks and sign-posts;
and by the stars (men) guide themselves.
17. Is then He Who creates like
one that creates not? Will ye not receive admonition?
18. If ye would count up the favours
of Allah, never would ye be able to number them: for Allah
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
19. And Allah doth know what ye
conceal, and what ye reveal.
20. Those whom they invoke besides
Allah create nothing and are themselves created.
21. (They are things) dead, lifeless:
nor do they know when they will be raised up.
22. Your Allah is one Allah. as
to those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts
refuse to know, and they are arrogant.
23. Undoubtedly Allah doth know
what they conceal, and what they reveal: verily He loveth
not the arrogant.
24. When it is said to them, "What
is it that your Lord has revealed?" they say, "Tales of
25. Let them bear, on the Day
of Judgment, their own burdens in full, and also (something)
of the burdens of those without knowledge, whom they misled.
Alas, how grievous the burdens they will bear!
26. Those before them did also
plot (against Allah's Way): but Allah took their structures
from their foundations, and the roof fell down on them from
above; and the Wrath seized them from directions they did
27. Then, on the Day of Judgment,
He will cover them with shame, and say: "Where are My 'partners'
concerning whom ye used to dispute (with the godly)?" Those
endued with knowledge will say: "This Day, indeed, are the
Unbelievers covered with shame and misery,-
28. "(Namely) those whose lives
the angels take in a state of wrong-doing to their own souls."
Then would they offer submission (with the pretence), "We
did no evil (knowingly)." (The angels will reply), "Nay,
but verily Allah knoweth all that ye did;
29. "So enter the gates of Hell,
to dwell therein. Thus evil indeed is the abode of the arrogant."
30. To the righteous (when) it
is said, "What is it that your Lord has revealed?" they
say, "All that is good." To those who do good, there is
good in this world, and the Home of the Hereafter is even
better and excellent indeed is the Home of the righteous,-
31. Gardens of Eternity which
they will enter: beneath them flow (pleasant) rivers: they
will have therein all that they wish: thus doth Allah reward
32. (Namely) those whose lives
the angels take in a state of purity, saying (to them),
"Peace be on you; enter ye the Garden, because of (the good)
which ye did (in the world)."
33. Do the (ungodly) wait until
the angels come to them, or there comes the Command of thy
Lord (for their doom)? So did those who went before them.
But Allah wronged them not: nay, they wronged their own
34. But the evil results of their
deeds overtook them, and that very (Wrath) at which they
had scoffed hemmed them in.
35. The worshippers of false gods
say: "If Allah had so willed, we should not have worshipped
aught but Him - neither we nor our fathers,- nor should
we have prescribed prohibitions other than His." So did
those who went before them. But what is the mission of apostles
but to preach the Clear Message?
36. For We assuredly sent amongst
every People an apostle, (with the Command), "Serve Allah,
and eschew Evil": of the People were some whom Allah guided,
and some on whom error became inevitably (established).
So travel through the earth, and see what was the end of
those who denied (the Truth).
37. If thou art anxious for their
guidance, yet Allah guideth not such as He leaves to stray,
and there is none to help them.
38. They swear their strongest
oaths by Allah, that Allah will not raise up those who die:
Nay, but it is a promise (binding) on Him in truth: but
most among mankind realise it not.
39. (They must be raised up),
in order that He may manifest to them the truth of that
wherein they differ, and that the rejecters of Truth may
realise that they had indeed (surrendered to) Falsehood.
40. For to anything which We have
willed, We but say the word, "Be", and it is.
41. To those who leave their homes
in the cause of Allah, after suffering oppression,- We will
assuredly give a goodly home in this world; but truly the
reward of the Hereafter will be greater. If they only realised
42. (They are) those who persevere
in patience, and put their trust on their Lord.
43. And before thee also the apostles
We sent were but men, to whom We granted inspiration: if
ye realise this not, ask of those who possess the Message.
44. (We sent them) with Clear
Signs and Books of dark prophecies; and We have sent down
unto thee (also) the Message; that thou mayest explain clearly
to men what is sent for them, and that they may give thought.
45. Do then those who devise evil
(plots) feel secure that Allah will not cause the earth
to swallow them up, or that the Wrath will not seize them
from directions they little perceive?-
46. Or that He may not call them
to account in the midst of their goings to and fro, without
a chance of their frustrating Him?-
47. Or that He may not call them
to account by a process of slow wastage - for thy Lord is
indeed full of kindness and mercy.
48. Do they not look at Allah's
creation, (even) among (inanimate) things,- How their (very)
shadows turn round, from the right and the left, prostrating
themselves to Allah, and that in the humblest manner?
49. And to Allah doth obeisance
all that is in the heavens and on earth, whether moving
(living) creatures or the angels: for none are arrogant
(before their Lord).
50. They all revere their Lord,
high above them, and they do all that they are commanded.
51. Allah has said: "Take not
(for worship) two gods: for He is just One Allah. then fear
Me (and Me alone)."
52. To Him belongs whatever is
in the heavens and on earth, and to Him is duty due always:
then will ye fear other than Allah.
53. And ye have no good thing
but is from Allah. and moreover, when ye are touched by
distress, unto Him ye cry with groans;
54. Yet, when He removes the distress
from you, behold! some of you turn to other gods to join
with their Lord-
55. (As if) to show their ingratitude
for the favours we have bestowed on them! then enjoy (your
brief day): but soon will ye know (your folly)!
56. And they (even) assign, to
things they do not know, a portion out of that which We
have bestowed for their sustenance! By Allah, ye shall certainly
be called to account for your false inventions.
57. And they assign daughters
for Allah. - Glory be to Him! - and for themselves (sons,-
the issue) they desire!
58. When news is brought to one
of them, of (the birth of) a female (child), his face darkens,
and he is filled with inward grief!
59. With shame does he hide himself
from his people, because of the bad news he has had! Shall
he retain it on (sufferance and) contempt, or bury it in
the dust? Ah! what an evil (choice) they decide on?
60. To those who believe not in
the Hereafter, applies the similitude of evil: to Allah
applies the highest similitude: for He is the Exalted in
Power, full of Wisdom.
61. If Allah were to punish men
for their wrong-doing, He would not leave, on the (earth),
a single living creature: but He gives them respite for
a stated Term: When their Term expires, they would not be
able to delay (the punishment) for a single hour, just as
they would not be able to anticipate it (for a single hour).
62. They attribute to Allah what
they hate (for themselves), and their tongues assert the
falsehood that all good things are for themselves: without
doubt for them is the Fire, and they will be the first to
be hastened on into it!
63. By Allah, We (also) sent (Our
apostles) to Peoples before thee; but Satan made, (to the
wicked), their own acts seem alluring: He is also their
patron today, but they shall have a most grievous penalty.
64. And We sent down the Book
to thee for the express purpose, that thou shouldst make
clear to them those things in which they differ, and that
it should be a guide and a mercy to those who believe.
65. And Allah sends down rain
from the skies, and gives therewith life to the earth after
its death: verily in this is a Sign for those who listen.
66. And verily in cattle (too)
will ye find an instructive sign. From what is within their
bodies between excretions and blood, We produce, for your
drink, milk, pure and agreeable to those who drink it.
67. And from the fruit of the
date-palm and the vine, ye get out wholesome drink and food:
behold, in this also is a sign for those who are wise.
68. And thy Lord taught the Bee
to build its cells in hills, on trees, and in (men's) habitations;
69. Then to eat of all the produce
(of the earth), and find with skill the spacious paths of
its Lord: there issues from within their bodies a drink
of varying colours, wherein is healing for men: verily in
this is a Sign for those who give thought.
70. It is Allah who creates you
and takes your souls at death; and of you there are some
who are sent back to a feeble age, so that they know nothing
after having known (much): for Allah is All-Knowing, All-Powerful.
71. Allah has bestowed His gifts
of sustenance more freely on some of you than on others:
those more favoured are not going to throw back their gifts
to those whom their right hands possess, so as to be equal
in that respect. Will they then deny the favours of Allah.
72. And Allah has made for you
mates (and companions) of your own nature, and made for
you, out of them, sons and daughters and grandchildren,
and provided for you sustenance of the best: will they then
believe in vain things, and be ungrateful for Allah's favours?-
73. And worship others than Allah,-
such as have no power of providing them, for sustenance,
with anything in heavens or earth, and cannot possibly have
74. Invent not similitudes for
Allah. for Allah knoweth, and ye know not.
75. Allah sets forth the Parable
(of two men: one) a slave under the dominion of another;
He has no power of any sort; and (the other) a man on whom
We have bestowed goodly favours from Ourselves, and he spends
thereof (freely), privately and publicly: are the two equal?
(By no means;) praise be to Allah. But most of them understand
76. Allah sets forth (another)
Parable of two men: one of them dumb, with no power of any
sort; a wearisome burden is he to his master; whichever
way be directs him, he brings no good: is such a man equal
with one who commands Justice, and is on a Straight Way?
77. To Allah belongeth the Mystery
of the heavens and the earth. And the Decision of the Hour
(of Judgment) is as the twingkling of an eye, or even quicker:
for Allah hath power over all things.
78. It is He Who brought you forth
from the wombs of your mothers when ye knew nothing; and
He gave you hearing and sight and intelligence and affections:
that ye may give thanks (to Allah..
79. Do they not look at the birds,
held poised in the midst of (the air and) the sky? Nothing
holds them up but (the power of) Allah. Verily in this are
signs for those who believe.
80. It is Allah Who made your
habitations homes of rest and quiet for you; and made for
you, out of the skins of animals, (tents for) dwellings,
which ye find so light (and handy) when ye travel and when
ye stop (in your travels); and out of their wool, and their
soft fibres (between wool and hair), and their hair, rich
stuff and articles of convenience (to serve you) for a time.
81. It is Allah Who made out of
the things He created, some things to give you shade; of
the hills He made some for your shelter; He made you garments
to protect you from heat, and coats of mail to protect you
from your (mutual) violence. Thus does He complete His favours
on you, that ye may bow to His Will (in Islam).
82. But if they turn away, thy
duty is only to preach the clear Message.
83. They recognise the favours
of Allah. then they deny them; and most of them are (creatures)
84. One Day We shall raise from
all Peoples a Witness: then will no excuse be accepted from
Unbelievers, nor will they receive any favours.
85. When the wrong-doers (actually)
see the Penalty, then will it in no way be mitigated, nor
will they then receive respite.
86. When those who gave partners
to Allah will see their "partners", they will say: "Our
Lord! these are our 'partners,' those whom we used to invoke
besides Thee." But they will throw back their word at them
(and say): "Indeed ye are liars!"
87. That Day shall they (openly)
show (their) submission to Allah. and all their inventions
shall leave them in the lurch.
88. Those who reject Allah and
hinder (men) from the Path of Allah - for them will We add
Penalty to Penalty; for that they used to spread mischief.
89. One day We shall raise from
all Peoples a witness against them, from amongst themselves:
and We shall bring thee as a witness against these (thy
people): and We have sent down to thee the Book explaining
all things, a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims.
90. Allah commands justice, the
doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, and He forbids
all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs
you, that ye may receive admonition.
91. Fulfil the Covenant of Allah
when ye have entered into it, and break not your oaths after
ye have confirmed them; indeed ye have made Allah your surety;
for Allah knoweth all that ye do.
92. And be not like a woman who
breaks into untwisted strands the yarn which she has spun,
after it has become strong. Nor take your oaths to practise
deception between yourselves, lest one party should be more
numerous than another: for Allah will test you by this;
and on the Day of Judgment He will certainly make clear
to you (the truth of) that wherein ye disagree.
93. If Allah so willed, He could
make you all one people: But He leaves straying whom He
pleases, and He guides whom He pleases: but ye shall certainly
be called to account for all your actions.
94. And take not your oaths, to
practise deception between yourselves, with the result that
someone's foot may slip after it was firmly planted, and
ye may have to taste the evil (consequences) of having hindered
(men) from the Path of Allah, and a Mighty Wrath descend
95. Nor sell the covenant of Allah
for a miserable price: for with Allah is (a prize) far better
for you, if ye only knew.
96. What is with you must vanish:
what is with Allah will endure. And We will certainly bestow,
on those who patiently persevere, their reward according
to the best of their actions.
97. Whoever works righteousness,
man or woman, and has Faith, verily, to him will We give
a new Life, a life that is good and pure and We will bestow
on such their reward according to the best of their actions.
98. When thou dost read the Qur'an,
seek Allah's protection from Satan the rejected one.
99. No authority has he over those
who believe and put their trust in their Lord.
100. His authority is over those
only, who take him as patron and who join partners with
101. When We substitute one revelation
for another,- and Allah knows best what He reveals (in stages),-
they say, "Thou art but a forger": but most of them understand
102. Say, the Holy Spirit has
brought the revelation from thy Lord in Truth, in order
to strengthen those who believe, and as a Guide and Glad
Tidings to Muslims.
103. We know indeed that they
say, "It is a man that teaches him." The tongue of him they
wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic,
pure and clear.
104. Those who believe not in
the Signs of Allah,- Allah will not guide them, and theirs
will be a grievous Penalty.
105. It is those who believe
not in the Signs of Allah, that forge falsehood: it is they
106. Any one who, after accepting
faith in Allah, utters Unbelief,- except under compulsion,
his heart remaining firm in Faith - but such as open their
breast to Unbelief, on them is Wrath from Allah, and theirs
will be a dreadful Penalty.
107. This because they love the
life of this world better than the Hereafter: and Allah
will not guide those who reject Faith.
108. Those are they whose hearts,
ears, and eyes Allah has sealed up, and they take no heed.
109. Without doubt, in the Hereafter
they will perish.
110. But verily thy Lord,- to
those who leave their homes after trials and persecutions,-
and who thereafter strive and fight for the faith and patiently
persevere,- Thy Lord, after all this is oft-forgiving, Most
111. One Day every soul will
come up struggling for itself, and every soul will be recompensed
(fully) for all its actions, and none will be unjustly dealt
112. Allah sets forth a Parable:
a city enjoying security and quiet, abundantly supplied
with sustenance from every place: Yet was it ungrateful
for the favours of Allah. so Allah made it taste of hunger
and terror (in extremes) (closing in on it) like a garment
(from every side), because of the (evil) which (its people)
113. And there came to them an
Messenger from among themselves, but they falsely rejected
him; so the Wrath seized them even in the midst of their
114. So eat of the sustenance
which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good; and be
grateful for the favours of Allah, if it is He Whom ye serve.
115. He has only forbidden you
dead meat, and blood, and the flesh of swine, and any (food)
over which the name of other than Allah has been invoked.
But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience,
nor transgressing due limits,- then Allah is Oft-Forgiving,
116. But say not - for any false
thing that your tongues may put forth,- "This is lawful,
and this is forbidden," so as to ascribe false things to
Allah. For those who ascribe false things to Allah, will
117. (In such falsehood) is but
a paltry profit; but they will have a most grievous Penalty.
118. To the Jews We prohibited
such things as We have mentioned to thee before: We did
them no wrong, but they were used to doing wrong to themselves.
119. But verily thy Lord,- to
those who do wrong in ignorance, but who thereafter repent
and make amends,- thy Lord, after all this, is Oft-Forgiving,
120. Abraham was indeed a model,
devoutly obedient to Allah, (and) true in Faith, and he
joined not gods with Allah.
121. He showed his gratitude
for the favours of Allah, who chose him, and guided him
to a Straight Way.
122. And We gave him Good in
this world, and he will be, in the Hereafter, in the ranks
of the Righteous.
123. So We have taught thee the
inspired (Message), "Follow the ways of Abraham the True
in Faith, and he joined not gods with Allah."
124. The Sabbath was only made
(strict) for those who disagreed (as to its observance);
But Allah will judge between them on the Day of Judgment,
as to their differences.
125. Invite (all) to the Way
of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue
with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy
Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who
126. And if ye do catch them
out, catch them out no worse than they catch you out: But
if ye show patience, that is indeed the best (course) for
those who are patient.
127. And do thou be patient,
for thy patience is but from Allah. nor grieve over them:
and distress not thyself because of their plots.
128. For Allah is with those
who restrain themselves, and those who do good.