1. Praise be to Allah, Who hath sent
to His Servant the Book, and hath allowed therein no Crookedness:
2. (He hath made it) Straight (and
Clear) in order that He may warn (the godless) of a terrible
Punishment from Him, and that He may give Glad Tidings to
the Believers who work righteous deeds, that they shall
have a goodly Reward,
3. Wherein they shall remain for
4. Further, that He may warn those
(also) who say, "(Allah) hath begotten a son":
5. No knowledge have they of such
a thing, nor had their fathers. It is a grievous thing that
issues from their mouths as a saying what they say is nothing
6. Thou wouldst only, perchance,
fret thyself to death, following after them, in grief, if
they believe not in this Message.
7. That which is on earth we have
made but as a glittering show for the earth, in order that
We may test them - as to which of them are best in conduct.
8. Verily what is on earth we shall
make but as dust and dry soil (without growth or herbage).
9. Or dost thou reflect that the
Companions of the Cave and of the Inscription were wonders
among Our Sign?
10. Behold, the youths betook
themselves to the Cave: they said, "Our Lord! bestow on
us Mercy from Thyself, and dispose of our affair for us
in the right way!"
11. Then We draw (a veil) over
their ears, for a number of years, in the Cave, (so that
they heard not):
12. Then We roused them, in order
to test which of the two parties was best at calculating
the term of years they had tarried!
13. We relate to thee their story
in truth: they were youths who believed in their Lord, and
We advanced them in guidance:
14. We gave strength to their
hearts: Behold, they stood up and said: "Our Lord is the
Lord of the heavens and of the earth: never shall we call
upon any god other than Him: if we did, we should indeed
have uttered an enormity!
15. "These our people have taken
for worship gods other than Him: why do they not bring forward
an authority clear (and convincing) for what they do? Who
doth more wrong than such as invent a falsehood against
16. "When ye turn away from them
and the things they worship other than Allah, betake yourselves
to the Cave: Your Lord will shower His mercies on you and
disposes of your affair towards comfort and ease."
17. Thou wouldst have seen the
sun, when it rose, declining to the right from their Cave,
and when it set, turning away from them to the left, while
they lay in the open space in the midst of the Cave. Such
are among the Signs of Allah. He whom Allah, guides is rightly
guided; but he whom Allah leaves to stray,- for him wilt
thou find no protector to lead him to the Right Way.
18. Thou wouldst have deemed them
awake, whilst they were asleep, and We turned them on their
right and on their left sides: their dog stretching forth
his two fore-legs on the threshold: if thou hadst come up
on to them, thou wouldst have certainly turned back from
them in flight, and wouldst certainly have been filled with
terror of them.
19. Such (being their state),
we raised them up (from sleep), that they might question
each other. Said one of them, "How long have ye stayed (here)?"
They said, "We have stayed (perhaps) a day, or part of a
day." (At length) they (all) said, "(Allah) (alone) knows
best how long ye have stayed here.... Now send ye then one
of you with this money of yours to the town: let him find
out which is the best food (to be had) and bring some to
you, that (ye may) satisfy your hunger therewith: And let
him behave with care and courtesy, and let him not inform
any one about you.
20. "For if they should come upon
you, they would stone you or force you to return to their
cult, and in that case ye would never attain prosperity."
21. Thus did We make their case
known to the people, that they might know that the promise
of Allah is true, and that there can be no doubt about the
Hour of Judgment. Behold, they dispute among themselves
as to their affair. (Some) said, "Construct a building over
them": Their Lord knows best about them: those who prevailed
over their affair said, "Let us surely build a place of
worship over them."
22. (Some) say they were three,
the dog being the fourth among them; (others) say they were
five, the dog being the sixth,- doubtfully guessing at the
unknown; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being
the eighth. Say thou: "My Lord knoweth best their number;
It is but few that know their (real case)." Enter not, therefore,
into controversies concerning them, except on a matter that
is clear, nor consult any of them about (the affair of)
23. Nor say of anything, "I shall
be sure to do so and so tomorrow"-
24. Without adding, "So please
Allah." and call thy Lord to mind when thou forgettest,
and say, "I hope that my Lord will guide me ever closer
(even) than this to the right road."
25. So they stayed in their Cave
three hundred years, and (some) add nine (more)
26. Say: "(Allah) knows best how
long they stayed: with Him is (the knowledge of) the secrets
of the heavens and the earth: how clearly He sees, how finely
He hears (everything)! They have no protector other than
Him; nor does He share His Command with any person whatsoever.
27. And recite (and teach) what
has been revealed to thee of the Book of thy Lord: none
can change His Words, and none wilt thou find as a refuge
other than Him.
28. And keep thy soul content
with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking
His Face; and let not thine eyes pass beyond them, seeking
the pomp and glitter of this Life; no obey any whose heart
We have permitted to neglect the remembrance of Us, one
who follows his own desires, whose case has gone beyond
29. Say, "The truth is from your
Lord": Let him who will believe, and let him who will, reject
(it): for the wrong-doers We have prepared a Fire whose
(smoke and flames), like the walls and roof of a tent, will
hem them in: if they implore relief they will be granted
water like melted brass, that will scald their faces, how
dreadful the drink! How uncomfortable a couch to recline
30. As to those who believe and
work righteousness, verily We shall not suffer to perish
the reward of any who do a (single) righteous deed.
31. For them will be Gardens of
Eternity; beneath them rivers will flow; they will be adorned
therein with bracelets of gold, and they will wear green
garments of fine silk and heavy brocade: They will recline
therein on raised thrones. How good the recompense! How
beautiful a couch to recline on!
32. Set forth to them the parable
of two men: for one of them We provided two gardens of grape-vines
and surrounded them with date palms; in between the two
We placed corn-fields.
33. Each of those gardens brought
forth its produce, and failed not in the least therein:
in the midst of them We caused a river to flow.
34. (Abundant) was the produce
this man had : he said to his companion, in the course of
a mutual argument: "more wealth have I than you, and more
honour and power in (my following of) men."
35. He went into his garden in
a state (of mind) unjust to his soul: He said, "I deem not
that this will ever perish,
36. "Nor do I deem that the Hour
(of Judgment) will (ever) come: Even if I am brought back
to my Lord, I shall surely find (there) something better
37. His companion said to him,
in the course of the argument with him: "Dost thou deny
Him Who created thee out of dust, then out of a sperm-drop,
then fashioned thee into a man?
38. "But (I think) for my part
that He is Allah, My Lord, and none shall I associate with
39. "Why didst thou not, as thou
wentest into thy garden, say: '(Allah)'s will (be done)!
There is no power but with Allah.' If thou dost see me less
than thee in wealth and sons,
40. "It may be that my Lord will
give me something better than thy garden, and that He will
send on thy garden thunderbolts (by way of reckoning) from
heaven, making it (but) slippery sand!-
41. "Or the water of the garden
will run off underground so that thou wilt never be able
to find it."
42. So his fruits (and enjoyment)
were encompassed (with ruin), and he remained twisting and
turning his hands over what he had spent on his property,
which had (now) tumbled to pieces to its very foundations,
and he could only say, "Woe is me! Would I had never ascribed
partners to my Lord and Cherisher!"
43. Nor had he numbers to help
him against Allah, nor was he able to deliver himself.
44. There, the (only) protection
comes from Allah, the True One. He is the Best to reward,
and the Best to give success.
45. Set forth to them the similitude
of the life of this world: It is like the rain which we
send down from the skies: the earth's vegetation absorbs
it, but soon it becomes dry stubble, which the winds do
scatter: it is (only) Allah who prevails over all things.
46. Wealth and sons are allurements
of the life of this world: But the things that endure, good
deeds, are best in the sight of thy Lord, as rewards, and
best as (the foundation for) hopes.
47. One Day We shall remove the
mountains, and thou wilt see the earth as a level stretch,
and We shall gather them, all together, nor shall We leave
out any one of them.
48. And they will be marshalled
before thy Lord in ranks, (with the announcement), "Now
have ye come to Us (bare) as We created you first: aye,
ye thought We shall not fulfil the appointment made to you
to meet (Us)!":
49. And the Book (of Deeds) will
be placed (before you); and thou wilt see the sinful in
great terror because of what is (recorded) therein; they
will say, "Ah! woe to us! what a Book is this! It leaves
out nothing small or great, but takes account thereof!"
They will find all that they did, placed before them: And
not one will thy Lord treat with injustice.
50. Behold! We said to the angels,
"Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except Iblis. He was
one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord.
Will ye then take him and his progeny as protectors rather
than Me? And they are enemies to you! Evil would be the
exchange for the wrong-doers!
51. I called them not to witness
the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor (even) their
own creation: nor is it for helpers such as Me to take as
lead (men) astray!
52. One Day He will say, "Call
on those whom ye thought to be My partners," and they will
call on them, but they will not listen to them; and We shall
make for them a place of common perdition.
53. And the Sinful shall see the
fire and apprehend that they have to fall therein: no means
will they find to turn away therefrom.
54. We have explained in detail
in this Qur'an, for the benefit of mankind, every kind of
similitude: but man is, in most things, contentious.
55. And what is there to keep
back men from believing, now that Guidance has come to them,
nor from praying for forgiveness from their Lord, but that
(they ask that) the ways of the ancients be repeated with
them, or the Wrath be brought to them face to face?
56. We only send the apostles
to give Glad Tidings and to give warnings: But the unbelievers
dispute with vain argument, in order therewith to weaken
the truth, and they treat My Signs as a jest, as also the
fact that they are warned!
57. And who doth more wrong than
one who is reminded of the Signs of his Lord, but turns
away from them, forgetting the (deeds) which his hands have
sent forth? Verily We have set veils over their hearts lest
they should understand this, and over their ears, deafness,
if thou callest them to guidance, even then will they never
58. But your Lord is Most forgiving,
full of Mercy. If He were to call them (at once) to account
for what they have earned, then surely He would have earned,
then surely He would have hastened their punishment: but
they have their appointed time, beyond which they will find
59. Such were the populations
we destroyed when they committed iniquities; but we fixed
an appointed time for their destruction.
60. Behold, Moses said to his
attendant, "I will not give up until I reach the junction
of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travel."
61. But when they reached the
Junction, they forgot (about) their Fish, which took its
course through the sea (straight) as in a tunnel.
62. When they had passed on (some
distance), Moses said to his attendant: "Bring us our early
meal; truly we have suffered much fatigue at this (stage
of) our journey."
63. He replied: "Sawest thou (what
happened) when we betook ourselves to the rock? I did indeed
forget (about) the Fish: none but Satan made me forget to
tell (you) about it: it took its course through the sea
in a marvellous way!"
64. Moses said: "That was what
we were seeking after:" So they went back on their footsteps,
following (the path they had come).
65. So they found one of Our servants,
on whom We had bestowed Mercy from Ourselves and whom We
had taught knowledge from Our own Presence.
66. Moses said to him: "May I
follow thee, on the footing that thou teach me something
of the (Higher) Truth which thou hast been taught?"
67. (The other) said: "Verily
thou wilt not be able to have patience with me!"
68. "And how canst thou have patience
about things about which thy understanding is not complete?"
69. Moses said: "Thou wilt find
me, if Allah so will, (truly) patient: nor shall I disobey
thee in aught."
70. The other said: "If then thou
wouldst follow me, ask me no questions about anything until
I myself speak to thee concerning it."
71. So they both proceeded: until,
when they were in the boat, he scuttled it. Said Moses:
"Hast thou scuttled it in order to drown those in it? Truly
a strange thing hast thou done!"
72. He answered: "Did I not tell
thee that thou canst have no patience with me?"
73. Moses said: "Rebuke me not
for forgetting, nor grieve me by raising difficulties in
74. Then they proceeded: until,
when they met a young man, he slew him. Moses said: "Hast
thou slain an innocent person who had slain none? Truly
a foul (unheard of) thing hast thou done!"
75. He answered: "Did I not tell
thee that thou canst have no patience with me?"
76. (Moses) said: "If ever I ask
thee about anything after this, keep me not in thy company:
then wouldst thou have received (full) excuse from my side."
77. Then they proceeded: until,
when they came to the inhabitants of a town, they asked
them for food, but they refused them hospitality. They found
there a wall on the point of falling down, but he set it
up straight. (Moses) said: "If thou hadst wished, surely
thou couldst have exacted some recompense for it!"
78. He answered: "This is the
parting between me and thee: now will I tell thee the interpretation
of (those things) over which thou wast unable to hold patience.
79. "As for the boat, it belonged
to certain men in dire want: they plied on the water: I
but wished to render it unserviceable, for there was after
them a certain king who seized on every boat by force.
80. "As for the youth, his parents
were people of Faith, and we feared that he would grieve
them by obstinate rebellion and ingratitude (to Allah and
81. "So we desired that their
Lord would give them in exchange (a son) better in purity
(of conduct) and closer in affection.
82. "As for the wall, it belonged
to two youths, orphans, in the Town; there was, beneath
it, a buried treasure, to which they were entitled: their
father had been a righteous man: So thy Lord desired that
they should attain their age of full strength and get out
their treasure - a mercy (and favour) from thy Lord. I did
it not of my own accord. Such is the interpretation of (those
things) over which thou wast unable to hold patience."
83. They ask thee concerning Zul-qarnain.
Say, "I will rehearse to you something of his story."
84. Verily We established his
power on earth, and We gave him the ways and the means to
85. One (such) way he followed,
86. Until, when he reached the
setting of the sun, he found it set in a spring of murky
water: Near it he found a People: We said: "O Zul-qarnain!
(thou hast authority,) either to punish them, or to treat
them with kindness."
87. He said: "Whoever doth wrong,
him shall we punish; then shall he be sent back to his Lord;
and He will punish him with a punishment unheard-of (before).
88. "But whoever believes, and
works righteousness,- he shall have a goodly reward, and
easy will be his task as We order it by our Command."
89. Then followed he (another)
90. Until, when he came to the
rising of the sun, he found it rising on a people for whom
We had provided no covering protection against the sun.
91. (He left them) as they were:
We completely understood what was before him.
92. Then followed he (another)
93. Until, when he reached (a
tract) between two mountains, he found, beneath them, a
people who scarcely understood a word.
94. They said: "O Zul-qarnain!
the Gog and Magog (People) do great mischief on earth: shall
we then render thee tribute in order that thou mightest
erect a barrier between us and them?
95. He said: "(The power) in which
my Lord has established me is better (than tribute): Help
me therefore with strength (and labour): I will erect a
strong barrier between you and them:
96. "Bring me blocks of iron."
At length, when he had filled up the space between the two
steep mountain-sides, He said, "Blow (with your bellows)"
Then, when he had made it (red) as fire, he said: "Bring
me, that I may pour over it, molten lead."
97. Thus were they made powerless
to scale it or to dig through it.
98. He said: "This is a mercy
from my Lord: But when the promise of my Lord comes to pass,
He will make it into dust; and the promise of my Lord is
99. On that day We shall leave
them to surge like waves on one another: the trumpet will
be blown, and We shall collect them all together.
100. And We shall present Hell
that day for Unbelievers to see, all spread out,-
101. (Unbelievers) whose eyes
had been under a veil from remembrance of Me, and who had
been unable even to hear.
102. Do the Unbelievers think
that they can take My servants as protectors besides Me?
Verily We have prepared Hell for the Unbelievers for (their)
103. Say: "Shall we tell you
of those who lose most in respect of their deeds?-
104. "Those whose efforts have
been wasted in this life, while they thought that they were
acquiring good by their works?"
105. They are those who deny
the Signs of their Lord and the fact of their having to
meet Him (in the Hereafter): vain will be their works, nor
shall We, on the Day of Judgment, give them any weight.
106. That is their reward, Hell,
because they rejected Faith, and took My Signs and My Messengers
by way of jest.
107. As to those who believe
and work righteous deeds, they have, for their entertainment,
the Gardens of Paradise,
108. Wherein they shall dwell
(for aye): no change will they wish for from them.
109. Say: "If the ocean were
ink (wherewith to write out) the words of my Lord, sooner
would the ocean be exhausted than would the words of my
Lord, even if we added another ocean like it, for its aid."
110. Say: "I am but a man like
yourselves, (but) the inspiration has come to me, that your
Allah is one Allah. whoever expects to meet his Lord, let
him work righteousness, and, in the worship of his Lord,
admit no one as partner.