Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 53:
One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus)
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 324:
I got a she-camel in my share of the war booty on the day (of the
battle) of Badr, and the Prophet had given me a she-camel from the Khumus.
When I intended to marry Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Apostle, I
had an appointment with a goldsmith from the tribe of Bani Qainuqa'
to go with me to bring Idhkhir (i.e. grass of pleasant smell) and sell
it to the goldsmiths and spend its price on my wedding party. I was
collecting for my she-camels equipment of saddles, sacks and ropes while
my two she-camels were kneeling down beside the room of an Ansari man.
I returned after collecting whatever I collected, to see the humps of
my two she-camels cut off and their flanks cut open and some portion
of their livers was taken out. When I saw that state of my two she-camels,
I could not help weeping. I asked, "Who has done this?" The people replied,
"Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib who is staying with some Ansari drunks in
this house." I went away till I reached the Prophet and Zaid bin Haritha
was with him. The Prophet noticed on my face the effect of what I had
suffered, so the Prophet asked. "What is wrong with you." I replied,
"O Allah's Apostle! I have never seen such a day as today. Hamza attacked
my two she-camels, cut off their humps, and ripped open their flanks,
and he is sitting there in a house in the company of some drunks." The
Prophet then asked for his covering sheet, put it on, and set out walking
followed by me and Zaid bin Haritha till he came to the house where
Hamza was. He asked permission to enter, and they allowed him, and they
were drunk. Allah's Apostle started rebuking Hamza for what he had done,
but Hamza was drunk and his eyes were red. Hamza looked at Allah's Apostle
and then he raised his eyes, looking at his knees, then he raised up
his eyes looking at his umbilicus, and again he raised up his eyes look
in at his face. Hamza then said, "Aren't you but the slaves of my father?"
Allah's Apostle realized that he was drunk, so Allah's Apostle retreated,
and we went out with him.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 325:
(mother of the believers) After the death of Allah 's Apostle Fatima
the daughter of Allah's Apostle asked Abu Bakr As-Siddiq to give her,
her share of inheritance from what Allah's Apostle had left of the Fai
(i.e. booty gained without fighting) which Allah had given him. Abu
Bakr said to her, "Allah's Apostle said, 'Our property will not be inherited,
whatever we (i.e. prophets) leave is Sadaqa (to be used for charity)."
Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Apostle got angry and stopped speaking
to Abu Bakr, and continued assuming that attitude till she died. Fatima
remained alive for six months after the death of Allah's Apostle.
She used to ask Abu Bakr for her share from the property of Allah's
Apostle which he left at Khaibar, and Fadak, and his property at Medina
(devoted for charity). Abu Bakr refused to give her that property and
said, "I will not leave anything Allah's Apostle used to do, because
I am afraid that if I left something from the Prophet's tradition, then
I would go astray." (Later on) Umar gave the Prophet's property (of
Sadaqa) at Medina to 'Ali and 'Abbas, but he withheld the properties
of Khaibar and Fadak in his custody and said, "These two properties
are the Sadaqa which Allah's Apostle used to use for his expenditures
and urgent needs. Now their management is to be entrusted to the ruler."
(Az-Zuhrl said, "They have been managed in this way till today.")
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 326:
Narrated Malik bin Aus:
While I was at home, the sun rose high and it got hot. Suddenly the
messenger of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab came to me and said, "The chief of
the believers has sent for you." So, I went along with him till I entered
the place where 'Umar was sitting on a bedstead made of date-palm leaves
and covered with no mattress, and he was leaning over a leather pillow.
I greeted him and sat down. He said, "O Malik! Some persons of your
people who have families came to me and I have ordered that a gift should
be given to them, so take it and distribute it among them." I said,
"O chief of the believers! I wish that you order someone else to do
it." He said, "O man! Take it." While I was sitting there with him,
his doorman Yarfa' came saying, "'Uthman, 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf, Az-Zubair
and Sad bin Abi Waqqas are asking your permission (to see you); may
I admit them?" 'Umar said, "Yes", So they were admitted and they came
in, greeted him, and sat down. After a while Yarfa' came again and said,
"May I admit 'Ali and 'Abbas?" 'Umar said, "yes." So, they were admitted
and they came in and greeted (him) and sat down. Then 'Abbas said, "O
chief of the believers! Judge between me and this (i.e. 'Ali)." They
had a dispute regarding the property of Bani An-Nadir which Allah had
given to His Apostle as Fai. The group (i.e. 'Uthman and his companions)
said, "O chief of the believers! Judge between them and relieve both
of them front each other." 'Umar said, "Be patient! I beseech you by
Allah by Whose Permission the Heaven and the Earth exist, do you know
that Allah's Apostle said, 'Our (i.e. prophets') property will not be
inherited, and whatever we leave, is Sadaqa (to be used for charity),'
and Allah's Apostle meant himself (by saying "we'')?" The group said,
"He said so." 'Umar then turned to 'Ali and 'Abbas and said, "I beseech
you by Allah, do you know that Allah's Apostle said so?" They replied,
" He said so." 'Umar then said, "So, I will talk to you about this matter.
Allah bestowed on His Apostle with a special favor of something of this
Fai (booty) which he gave to nobody else." 'Umar then recited the Holy
Verses: "What Allah bestowed as (Fai) Booty on his Apostle (Muhammad)
from them --- for this you made no expedition with either cavalry or
camelry: But Allah gives power to His Apostles over whomever He will
'And Allah is able to do all things." 9:6)
'Umar added "So this property was especially given to Allah's Apostle,
but, by Allah, neither did he take possession of it and leave your,
nor did he favor himself with it to your exclusion, but he gave it to
all of you and distributed it amongst you till this property remained
out of it. Allah's Apostle used to spend the yearly expenses of his
family out of this property and used to keep the rest of its revenue
to be spent on Allah 's Cause. Allah 's Apostle kept on doing this during
all his lifetime. I ask you by Allah do you know this?" They replies
in the affirmative. 'Umar then said to 'Ali and 'Abbas. "I ask you by
Allah, do you know this?" 'Umar added, "When Allah had taken His Prophet
unto Him, 'Abu Bakr said, 'I am the successor of Allah's Apostle so,
Abu Bakr took over that property and managed it in the same way as Allah's
Apostle used to do, and Allah knows that he was true, pious and rightly-guided,
and he was a follower of what was right. Then Allah took Abu Bakr unto
Him and I became Abu Bakr's successor, and I kept that property in my
possession for the first two years of my Caliphate, managing it in the
same way as Allah's Apostle used to do and as Abu Bakr used to do, and
Allah knows that I have been true, pious, rightly guided, and a follower
of what is right. Now you both (i.e. 'Ah and 'Abbas) came to talk to
me, bearing the same claim and presenting the same case; you, 'Abbas,
came to me asking for your share from your nephew's property, and this
man, i.e. 'Ali, came to me asking for his wife's share from her father's
property. I told you both that Allah's Apostle said, 'Our (prophets')
properties are not to be inherited, but what we leave is Sadaqa (to
be used for charity).' When I thought it right that I should hand over
this property to you, I said to you, 'I am ready to hand over this property
to you if you wish, on the condition that you would take Allah's Pledge
and Convention that you would manage it in the same way as Allah's Apostle
used to, and as Abu Bakr used to do, and as I have done since I was
in charge of it.' So, both of you said (to me), 'Hand it over to us,'
and on that condition I handed it over to you. So, I ask you by Allah,
did I hand it over to them on this condition?" The group aid, "Yes."
Then 'Umar faced 'Ali and Abbas saying, "I ask you by Allah, did I hand
it over to you on this condition?" They said, "Yes. " He said, " Do
you want now to give a different decision? By Allah, by Whose Leave
both the Heaven and the Earth exist, I will never give any decision
other than that (I have already given). And if you are unable to manage
it, then return it to me, and I will do the job on your behalf."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 327:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The delegates of the tribe of 'Abdul-Qais came and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! We are from the tribe of Rabi'a, and there is the infidels
of the tribe of Mudar intervening between you and us, so we cannot come
to you except in the Sacred Months. So please order us some instructions
that we may apply it to ourselves and also invite our people whom we
left behind us to observe as well." The Prophet said, "I order you (to
do) four (things) and forbid you (to do) four: I order you to believe
in Allah, that is, to testify that None has the right to be worshipped
but Allah (the Prophet pointed with his hand); to offer prayers perfectly;
to pay Zakat; to fast the month of Ramadan, and to pay the Khumus (i.e.
one-fifth) of the war booty to Allah and I forbid you to use Ad-dubba',
An-Naqir, Al-Hantam and Al-Muzaffat (i.e. utensils used for preparing
alcoholic drinks)." (See hadeeth No. 50, Vol. 1).
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 328:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "My heirs should not take even a single Dinar
(i.e. anything from my property), and whatever I leave, excluding the
expenditure of my wives and my laborers, will be Sadaqa (i.e. be used
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 329:
Allah's Apostle died, and there was nothing in my house that a living
being could eat, except some barley Lying on a shelf. So, I ate of it
for a long period and measured it, and (after a short period) it was
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 330:
Narrated 'Amr bin Al-Harith:
The Prophet did not leave anything (after his death) except his arms,
a white mule, and a (piece of) land which he had given as Sadaqa.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 331:
(the wife of the Prophet) When the sickness of Allah's Apostle got
aggravated, he asked the permission of his wives that he should be treated
in my house, and they permitted him.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 332:
Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:
'Aisha said, "The Prophet died in my house on the day of my turn while
he was leaning on my chest closer to my neck, and Allah made my saliva
mix with his Saliva." 'Aisha added, "'AbdurRahman came with a Siwak
and the Prophet was too weak to use it so I took it, chewed it and then
(gave it to him and he) cleaned his teeth with it."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 333:
(the wife of the Prophet) That she came to visit Allah's Apostle while
he was in Itikaf(i.e. seclusion in the Mosque during the last ten days
of Ramadan. When she got up to return, Allah's Apostle got up with her
and accompanied her, and when he reached near the gate of the Mosque
close to the door (of the house) of Um Salama, the wife of the Prophet,
two Ansari men passed by them and greeted Allah's Apostle and then went
away. Allah's Apostle addressed them saying, "Don't hurry! (She is my
wife)," They said, "Glorified be Allah! O Allah's Apostle (You are far
away from any suspicion)," and his saying was hard on them. Allah's
Apostle said, "Satan circulates in the mind of a person as blood does
(in his body). I was afraid that Satan might put some (evil) thoughts
in your minds."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 334:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
Once I went upstairs in Hafsa's house and saw the Prophet answering
the call of nature with his back towards the Qibla and facing Sham.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 335:
That Allah's Apostle used to offer the 'Asr prayer while the sun was
still shining in her Hujra (i.e. her dwelling place).
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 336:
The Prophet stood up and delivered a sermon, and pointing to 'Aisha's
house (i.e. eastwards), he said thrice, "Affliction (will appear from)
here," and, "from where the side of the Satan's head comes out (i.e.
from the East)."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 337:
Narrated 'Amra bint Abdur-Rahman:
'Aisha, the wife of the Prophet told her that once Allah's Apostle
was with her and she heard somebody asking permission to enter Hafsa's
house. She said, "O Allah's Apostle! This man is asking permission to
enter your house." Allah's Apostle replied, "I think he is so-and-so
(meaning the foster uncle of Hafsa). What is rendered illegal because
of blood relations, is also rendered illegal because of the corresponding
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 338:
That when Abu Bakr became the Caliph, he sent him to Bahrain and wrote
this letter for him, and stamped it with the Ring of the Prophet. Three
lines were engraved on the Ring, (the word) 'Muhammad' was in a line,
'Apostle' was in another line, and 'Allah' in a third.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 339:
Narrated 'Isa bin Tahman:
Anas brought out to us two worn out leather shoes without hair and
with pieces of leather straps. Later on Thabit Al-Banani told me that
Anas said that they were the shoes of the Prophet.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 340:
Narrated Abu Burda:
'Aisha brought out to us a patched wool Len garment, and she said,
"(It chanced that) the soul of Allah's Apostle was taken away while
he was wearing this." Abu-Burda added, "Aisha brought out to us a thick
waist sheet like the ones made by the Yemenites, and also a garment
of the type called Al-Mulabbada."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 341:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When the cup of Allah's Apostle got broken, he fixed it with a silver
wire at the crack. (The sub-narrator, 'Asim said, "I saw the cup and
drank (water) in it.")
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 342:
Narrated 'Ali bin Al-Husain:
That when they reached Medina after returning from Yazid bin Mu'awaiya
after the martyrdom of Husain bin 'Ali (may Allah bestow His Mercy upon
him), Al-Miswar bin Makhrama met him and said to him, "Do you have any
need you may order me to satisfy?" 'Ali said, "No." Al-Miswar said,
Will you give me the sword of Allah's Apostle for I am afraid that people
may take it from you by force? By Allah, if you give it to me, they
will never be able to take it till I die." When Ali bin Abu Talib demanded
the hand of the daughter of Abi Jahal to be his wife besides Fatima,
I heard Allah's Apostle on his pulpit delivering a sermon in this connection
before the people, and I had then attained my age of puberty. Allah's
Apostle said, "Fatima is from me, and I am afraid she will be subjected
to trials in her religion (because of jealousy)." The Prophet then mentioned
one of his son-in-law who was from the tribe of 'Abu Shams, and he praised
him as a good son-in-law, saying, "Whatever he said was the truth, and
he promised me and fulfilled his promise. I do not make a legal thing
illegal, nor do I make an illegal thing legal, but by Allah, the daughter
of Allah's Apostle and the daughter of the enemy of Allah, (i.e. Abu
Jahl) can never get together (as the wives of one man) (See hadeeth
No. 76, Vo. 5).
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 343:
Narrated Ibn Al-Hanafiya:
If Ali had spoken anything bad about 'Uthman then he would have mentioned
the day when some persons came to him and complained about the Zakat
officials of 'Uthman. 'Ali then said to me, "Go to 'Uthman and say to
him, 'This document contains the regulations of spending the Sadaqa
of Allah's Apostle so order your Zakat officials to act accordingly."
I took the document to 'Uthman. 'Uthman said, "Take it away, for we
are not in need of it." I returned to 'Ali with it and informed him
of that. He said, "Put it whence you took it."
Narrated Muhammad bin Suqa: I heard Mundhir At-Tuzi reporting Ibn
Hanafiya who said, "My father sent me saying, 'Take this letter to 'Uthman
for it contains the orders of the Prophet concerning the Sadaqa.' "
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 344:
Fatima complained of what she suffered from the hand mill and from
grinding, when she got the news that some slave girls of the booty had
been brought to Allah's Apostle. She went to him to ask for a maid-servant,
but she could not find him, and told 'Aisha of her need. When the Prophet
came, Aisha informed him of that. The Prophet came to our house when
we had gone to our beds. (On seeing the Prophet) we were going to get
up, but he said, 'Keep at your places,' I felt the coolness of the Prophet's
feet on my chest. Then he said, "Shall I tell you a thing which is better
than what you asked me for? When you go to your beds, say: 'Allahu Akbar
(i.e. Allah is Greater)' for 34 times, and 'Alhamdu Lillah (i.e. all
the praises are for Allah)' for 33 times, and Subhan Allah (i.e. Glorified
be Allah) for 33 times. This is better for you than what you have requested."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 345:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah Al-Ansari:
A man amongst us begot a boy whom he named Al-Qasim. On that the Ansar
said, (to the man), "We will never call you Abu-al-Qasim and will never
please you with this blessed title." So, he went to the Prophet and
said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have begotten a boy whom I named Al-Qasim
and the Ansar said, 'We will never call you Abu-al-Qasim, nor will we
please you with this title.' " The Prophet said, "The Ansar have done
well. Name by my name, but do not name by my Kunya, for I am Qasim."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 346:
Allah's Apostle said, "If Allah wants to do good for somebody, he
makes him comprehend the Religion (i.e. Islam), and Allah is the Giver
and I am Al-Qasim (i.e. the distributor), and this (Muslim) nation will
remain victorious over their opponents, till Allah's Order comes and
they will still be victorious "
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Neither do I give you
(anything) nor withhold (anything) from you, but I am just a distributor
(i.e. Qasim), and I give as I am ordered."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 347:
Narrated Khaula Al-Ansariya:
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "Some people spend Allah's Wealth
(i.e. Muslim's wealth) in an unjust manner; such people will be put
in the (Hell) Fire on the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 348:
The Prophet said, "Horses are always the source of good, namely, rewards
(in the Hereafter) and booty, till the Day of Resurrection."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 349:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "When Khosrau is ruined, there will be no Khosrau
after him; and when Caesar is ruined, there will be no Caesar after
him. By Him in Whose Hands my life is, you will spend their treasures
in Allah's Cause."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 350:
Narrated Jabir bin Samura:
Allah's Apostle said, "When Khosrau is ruined, there will be no Khosrau
after him; and when Caesar is ruined, their will be no Caesar after
him. By Him in Whose Hands my life is, you will spend their treasures
in Allah's Cause."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 351:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle said, "Booty has been made legal for me."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 352:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "Allah guarantees him who strives in His Cause
and whose motivation for going out is nothing but Jihad in His Cause
and belief in His Word, that He will admit him into Paradise (if martyred)
or bring him back to his dwelling place, whence he has come out, with
what he gains of reward and booty."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 353:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "A prophet amongst the prophets carried out a holy
military expedition, so he said to his followers, 'Anyone who has married
a woman and wants to consummate the marriage, and has not done so yet,
should not accompany me; nor should a man who has built a house but
has not completed its roof; nor a man who has sheep or shecamels and
is waiting for the birth of their young ones.' So, the prophet carried
out the expedition and when he reached that town at the time or nearly
at the time of the 'Asr prayer, he said to the sun, 'O sun! You are
under Allah's Order and I am under Allah's Order O Allah! Stop it (i.e.
the sun) from setting.' It was stopped till Allah made him victorious.
Then he collected the booty and the fire came to burn it, but it did
not burn it. He said (to his men), 'Some of you have stolen something
from the booty. So one man from every tribe should give me a pledge
of allegiance by shaking hands with me.' (They did so and) the hand
of a man got stuck over the hand of their prophet. Then that prophet
said (to the man), 'The theft has been committed by your people. So
all the persons of your tribe should give me the pledge of allegiance
by shaking hands with me.' The hands of two or three men got stuck over
the hand of their prophet and he said, "You have committed the theft.'
Then they brought a head of gold like the head of a cow and put it there,
and the fire came and consumed the booty. The Prophet added: Then Allah
saw our weakness and disability, so he made booty legal for us."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 354:
'Umar said, "Were it not for those Muslims who have not come to existence
yet, I would have distributed (the land of) every town I conquer among
the fighters as the Prophet distributed the land of Khaibar."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 355:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ashari:
A bedouin asked the Prophet, "A man may fight for the sake of booty,
and another may fight so that he may be mentioned by the people, and
a third may fight to show his position (i.e. bravery); which of these
regarded as fighting in Allah's Cause?" The Prophet said, "He who fights
so that Allah's Word (i.e. Islam) should be superior, fights for Allah's
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 356:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika:
Some silken cloaks with golden buttons were presented to the Prophet.
He distributed them amongst his companions and kept one for Makhrama,
bin Naufal. Later on Makhrama came along with his son Al-Miswar bin
Makhrama, and stood up at the gate and said (to his son). "Call him
(i.e. the Prophet) to me." The Prophet heard his voice, took a silken
cloak and brought it to him, placing those golden buttons in front of
him saying, "O Abu-al-Miswar! I have kept this aside for you! O Abu-al
Miswar! I have kept this aside for you!" Makhrama was a bad-tempered
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 357:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
People used to give some of their datepalms to the Prophet (as a gift),
till he conquered Bani Quraiza and Bani An-Nadir, whereupon he started
returning their favors.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 358:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair:
When Az-Zubair got up during the battle of Al-Jamal, he called me
and I stood up beside him, and he said to me, "O my son! Today one will
be killed either as an oppressor or as an oppressed one. I see that
I will be killed as an oppressed one. My biggest worry is my debts.
Do you think, if we pay the debts, there will be something left for
us from our money?" Az-Zubair added, "O my son! Sell our property and
pay my debts." Az-Zubair then willed one-third of his property and willed
one-third of that portion to his sons; namely, 'Abdullah's sons. He
said, "One-third of the one third. If any property is left after the
payment of the debts, one-third (of the one-third of what is left) is
to be given to your sons." (Hisham, a sub-narrator added, "Some of the
sons of 'Abdullah were equal in age to the sons of Az-Zubair e.g. Khubaib
and 'Abbas. 'Abdullah had nine sons and nine daughters at that time."
(The narrator 'Abdullah added:) My father (Az-Zubair) went on drawing
my attention to his debts saying, "If you should fail to pay part of
the debts, appeal to my Master to help you." By Allah! I could not understand
what he meant till I asked, "O father! Who is your Master?" He replied,
"Allah (is my Master)." By Allah, whenever I had any difficulty regarding
his debts, I would say, "Master of Az-Zubair! Pay his debts on his behalf
." and Allah would (help me to) pay it. Az-Zubair was martyred leaving
no Dinar or Dirham but two pieces of land, one of which was (called)
Al-Ghaba, and eleven houses in Medina, two in Basra, one in Kufa and
one in Egypt. In fact, the source of the debt which he owed was, that
if somebody brought some money to deposit with him. Az Zubair would
say, "No, (i won't keep it as a trust), but I take it as a debt, for
I am afraid it might be lost." Az-Zubair was never appointed governor
or collector of the tax of Kharaj or any other similar thing, but he
collected his wealth (from the war booty he gained) during the holy
battles he took part in, in the company of the Prophet, Abu Bakr, 'Umar,
and 'Uthman. ('Abdullah bin Az-Zubair added:) When I counted his debt,
it turned to be two million and two hundred thousand. (The sub-narrator
added:) Hakim bin Hizam met Abdullah bin Zubair and asked, "O my nephew!
How much is the debt of my brother?" 'Abdullah kept it as a secret and
said, "One hundred thousand," Hakim said, "By Allah! I don't think your
property will cover it." On that 'Abdullah said to him, "What if it
is two million and two hundred thousand?" Hakim said, "I don't think
you can pay it; so if you are unable to pay all of it, I will help you."
Az-Zubair had already bought Al-Ghaba for one hundred and seventy thousand.
'Abdullah sold it for one million and six hundred thousand. Then he
called the people saying, "Any person who has any money claim on Az-Zubair
should come to us in Al-Ghaba." There came to him 'Abdullah bin Ja'far
whom Az-Zubair owed four hundred thousand. He said to 'Abdullah bin
Az-Zubair, "If you wish I will forgive you the debt." 'Abdullah (bin
Az-Zubair) said, "No." Then Ibn Ja'far said, "If you wish you can defer
the payment if you should defer the payment of any debt." Ibn Az-Zubair
said, "No." 'Abdullah bin Ja'far said, "Give me a piece of the land."
'Abdullah bin AzZubair said (to him), "Yours is the land extending from
this place to this place." So, 'Abdullah bin Az-Zubair sold some of
the property (including the houses) and paid his debt perfectly, retaining
four and a half shares from the land (i.e. Al-Ghaba). He then went to
Mu'awlya while 'Amr bin 'Uthman, Al-Mundhir bin Az-Zubair and Ibn Zam'a
were sitting with him. Mu'awiya asked, "At what price have you appraised
Al-Ghaba?" He said, "One hundred thousand for each share," Muawiya asked,
"How many shares have been left?" 'Abdullah replied, "Four and a half
shares." Al-Mundhir bin Az-Zubair said, "I would like to buy one share
for one hundred thousand." 'Amr bin 'Uthman said, "I would like to buy
one share for one hundred thousand." Ibn Zam'a said, "I would like to
buy one share for one hundred thousand." Muawiya said, "How much is
left now?" 'Abdullah replied, "One share and a half." Muawiya said,
"I would like to buy it for one hundred and fifty thousand." 'Abdullah
also sold his part to Muawiya six hundred thousand. When Ibn AzZubair
had paid all the debts. Az-Zubair's sons said to him, "Distribute our
inheritance among us." He said, "No, by Allah, I will not distribute
it among you till I announce in four successive Hajj seasons, 'Would
those who have money claims on Az-Zubair come so that we may pay them
their debt." So, he started to announce that in public in every Hajj
season, and when four years had elapsed, he distributed the inheritance
among the inheritors. Az-Zubair had four wives, and after the one-third
of his property was excluded (according to the will), each of his wives
received one million and two hundred thousand. So the total amount of
his property was fifty million and two hundred thousand.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 359:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
'Uthman did not join the Badr battle because he was married to one
of the daughters of Allah's Apostle and she was ill. So, the Prophet
said to him. "You will get a reward and a share (from the war booty)
similar to the reward and the share of one who has taken part in the
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 360:
Narrated Marwan bin Al-Hakim and Miswar bin Makhrama:
When the Hawazin delegation came to Allah's Apostle after they had
embraced Islam and requested him to return their properties and war
prisoners to them, Allah's Apostle said, "To me the best talk is the
truest, so you may choose either of two things; the war prisoners or
the wealth, for I have delayed their distribution." Allah's Apostle
had waited for them for over ten days when he returned from Ta'if. So,
when those people came to know that Allah's Apostle was not going to
return to them except one of the two things the said, "We choose our
war Prisoners 'Allah's Apostle stood up amongst the Muslims, and after
glorifying Allah as He deserved, he said, "Now then, these brothers
of yours have come to us with repentance, and I see it logical that
I should return their captives to them, so whoever of you likes to do
that as a favor then he can do it, and whoever amongst you likes to
stick to his share, let him give up his prisoners and we will compensate
him from the very first Fai' (i.e. war booty received without fight)
which Allah will give us." On that, all the people said. 'O Allah's
Apostles We have agreed willingly to do so (return the captives)" Then
Allah's Apostle said to them "I do not know who amongst you has agreed
to this and who has not. You should return and let your leaders inform
me of your agreement." The people returned and their leaders spoke to
them, and then came to Allah's Apostle and said, "All the people have
agreed willingly to do so and have given the permission to return the
war prisoners (without Compensation)" (Az-Zuhri, the sub-narrator states)
This is what has been related to us about the captives of Hawazin.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 361:
Once we were in the house of Abu Musa who presented a meal containing
cooked chicken. A man from the tribe of Bani Taim Allah with red complexion
as if he were from the Byzantine war prisoners, was present. Abu Musa
invited him to share the meal but he (apologised) saying. "I saw chickens
eating dirty things and so I have had a strong aversion to eating them,
and have taken an oath that I will not eat chickens." Abu Musa said,
"Come along, I will tell you about this matter (i.e. how to cancel one's
oat ). I went to the Prophet in the company of a group of Al-Ashariyin,
asked him to provide us with means of conveyance. He said, 'By Allah,
I will not provide you with any means of conveyance and I have nothing
to make you ride on.' Then some camels as booty were brought to Allah's
Apostle and he asked for us saying. 'Where are the group of Al-Ash'ariyun?'
Then he ordered that we should be given five camels with white humps.
When we set out we said, 'What have we done? We will never be blessed
(with what we have been given).' So, we returned to the Prophet and
said, 'We asked you to provide us with means of conveyance, but you
took an oath that you would not provide us with any means of conveyance.
Did you forget (your oath when you gave us the camels)? He replied.
'I have not provided you with means of conveyance, but Allah has provided
you with it, and by Allah, Allah willing, if ever I take an oath to
do something, and later on I find that it is more beneficial to do something
different, I will do the thing which is better, and give expiation for
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 362:
Narrated Nafi from Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle sent a Sariya towards Najd, and Abdullah bin 'Umar
was in the Sariya. They gained a great number of camels as war booty.
The share of each one of them was twelve or eleven camels, and they
were given an extra camel each.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 363:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Allah's Apostle used to give extra share to some of the members of
the Sariya he used to send, in addition to the shares they shared with
the army in general.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 364:
Narrated Abu Musa:
We got the news of the migration of the Prophet while we were in Yemen,
so we set out migrating to him. We were, I and my two brothers, I being
the youngest, and one of my brothers was Abu Burda and the other was
Abu Ruhm. We were over fifty (or fifty-three or fifty two) men from
our people. We got on board a ship which took us to An-Najashi in Ethiopia,
and there we found Ja'far bin Abu Talib and his companions with An-Najaishi.
Ja'far said (to us), "Allah's Apostle has sent us here and ordered us
to stay here, so you too, stay with us." We stayed with him till we
all left (Ethiopia) and met the Prophet at the time when he had conquered
Khaibar. He gave us a share from its booty (or gave us from its booty).
He gave only to those who had taken part in the Ghazwa with him. but
he did not give any share to any person who had not participated in
Khaibar's conquest except the people of our ship, besides Ja'far and
his companions, whom he gave a share as he did them (i.e. the people
of the ship).
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 365:
Allah's Apostle said (to me), "If the property of Bahrain had come
to us, I would have given you so much and so much." But the Bahrain
property did not come till the Prophet had died. When the Bahrain property
came. Abu Bakr ordered somebody to announce, "Any person who has money
claim on Allah's Apostle or whom Allah's Apostle had promised something,
should come to us." So, I went to him and said, "Allah's Apostle had
promised to give me so much an so much." Abu Bakr scooped up money with
both hands thrice for me." (The sub-narrator Sufyan illustrated this
action by scooping up with both hands and said, "Ibn Munkadir, another
sub-narrator, used to illustrate it in this way.")
Narrated Jabir: Once I went to Abu Bakr and asked for the money but
he did not give me, and I went to him again, but he did not give me,
so I went to him for the third time and said, "I asked you, but you
did not give me; then I asked you (for the second time) and you did
not give me; then I asked you (for the third time) but you did not give
me. You should either give me or allow yourself to be considered a miser
regarding my case." Abu Bakr said, "You tell me that I am a miser with
regard to you. But really, whenever I rejected your request, I had the
inclination to give you."
(In another narration Jabir added:) So, Abu Bakr scooped up money
with both hands for me and asked me to count it. I found out that It
was five hundred. Abu Bakr told me to take twice that amount.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 366:
Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:
While Allah's Apostle was distributing the booty at Al-Ja'rana, somebody
said to him "Be just (in your distribution)." The Prophet replied, "Verily
I would be miserable if I did not act justly."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 367:
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:
The Prophet talked about war prisoners of Badr saying, "Had Al-Mutim
bin Adi been alive and interceded with me for these mean people, I would
have freed them for his sake."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 368:
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:
I and 'Uthman bin 'Affan went to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's
Apostle! You have given to Bani Al-Muttalib and left us although they
and we are of the same kinship to you." Allah's Apostle said, "Bani
Muttalib and Bani Hashim are one and the same." The Prophet did not
give a share to Bani Abd Shams and Bani Naufai. (Ibn Ishaq said, "Abd
Shams and Hashim and Al-Muttalib were maternal brothers and their mother
was 'Atika bint Murra and Naufal was their paternal brother.)
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 369:
Narrated 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf:
While I was standing in the row on the day (of the battle) of Badr,
I looked to my right and my left and saw two young Ansari boys, and
I wished I had been stronger than they. One of them called my attention
saying, "O Uncle! Do you know Abu Jahl?" I said, "Yes, What do you want
from him, O my nephew?" He said, "I have been informed that he abuses
Allah's Apostle. By Him in Whose Hands my life is, if I should see him,
then my body will not leave his body till either of us meet his fate."
I was astonished at that talk. Then the other boy called my attention
saying the same as the other had said. After a while I saw Abu Jahl
walking amongst the people. I said (to the boys), "Look! This is the
man you asked me about." So, both of them attacked him with their swords
and struck him to death and returned to Allah'S Apostle to inform him
of that. Allah's Apostle asked, "Which of you has killed him?" Each
of them said, "I Have killed him." Allah's Apostle asked, "Have you
cleaned your swords?" They said, "No. " He then looked at their swords
and said, "No doubt, you both have killed him and the spoils of the
deceased will be given to Muadh bin Amr bin Al-Jamuh." The two boys
were Muadh bin 'Afra and Muadh bin Amr bin Al-Jamuh.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 370:
Narrated Abu Qatada:
We set out in the company of Allah's Apostle on the day (of the battle)
of Hunain. When we faced the enemy, the Muslims retreated and I saw
a pagan throwing himself over a Muslim. I turned around and came upon
him from behind and hit him on the shoulder with the sword He (i.e.
the pagan) came towards me and seized me so violently that I felt as
if it were death itself, but death overtook him and he released me.
I followed 'Umar bin Al Khattab and asked (him), "What is wrong with
the people (fleeing)?" He replied, "This is the Will of Allah," After
the people returned, the Prophet sat and said, "Anyone who has killed
an enemy and has a proof of that, will posses his spoils." I got up
and said, "Who will be a witness for me?" and then sat down. The Prophet
again said, "Anyone who has killed an enemy and has proof of that, will
possess his spoils." I (again) got up and said, "Who will be a witness
for me?" and sat down. Then the Prophet said the same for the third
time. I again got up, and Allah's Apostle said, "O Abu Qatada! What
is your story?" Then I narrated the whole story to him. A man (got up
and) said, "O Allah's Apostle! He is speaking the truth, and the spoils
of the killed man are with me. So please compensate him on my behalf."
On that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said, "No, by Allah, he (i.e. Allah's Apostle
) will not agree to give you the spoils gained by one of Allah's Lions
who fights on the behalf of Allah and His Apostle." The Prophet said,
"Abu Bakr has spoken the truth." So, Allah's Apostle gave the spoils
to me. I sold that armor (i.e. the spoils) and with its price I bought
a garden at Bani Salima, and this was my first property which I gained
after my conversion to Islam.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 371:
Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair:
Hakim bin Hizam said, "I asked Allah's Apostle for something, and
he gave me. I asked him again, and he gave me, and said to me. 'O Hakim!
This wealth is like green sweet (i.e. fruit), and if one takes it without
greed, then one is blessed in it, and if one takes it with greediness,
then one is not blessed in it, and will be like the one who eats without
satisfaction. And an upper (i.e. giving) hand is better than a lower
(i.e. taking) hand,' I said, 'O Allah's Apostle! By Him Who has sent
you with the Truth. I will not ask anyone for anything after you till
I leave this world." So, when Abu Bakr during his Caliphate, called
Hakim to give him (some money), Hakim refused to accept anything from
him. Once 'Umar called him (during his Caliphate) in order to give him
something, but Hakim refused to accept it, whereupon 'Umar said, "O
Muslims! I give him (i.e. Haklm) his right which Allah has assigned
to him) from this Fai '(booty), but he refuses to take it." So Haklm
never took anything from anybody after the Prophet till he died.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 372:
'Umar bin Al-Khattab said, "O Allah's Apostle! I vowed to observe
Itikaf for one day during the Pre-lslamic period." The Prophet ordered
him to fulfill his vow. 'Umar gained two lady captives from the war
prisoners of Hunain and he left them in some of the houses at Mecca.
When Allah's Apostle freed the captives of Hunain without ransom, they
came out walking in the streets. 'Umar said (to his son), "O Abdullah!
See what is the matter." 'Abdullah replied, "Allah's Apostle has freed
the captives without ransom." He said (to him), "Go and set free those
two slave girls." (Nafi added:) Allah's Apostle did not perform the
'Umra from Al-Jarana, and if he had performed the 'Umra, it would not
have been hidden from 'Abdullah.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 373:
Narrated 'Amr bin Taghlib:
Allah's Apostle gave (gifts) to some people to the exclusion of some
others. The latter seemed to be displeased by that. The Prophet said,
"I give to some people, lest they should deviate from True Faith or
lose patience, while I refer other people to the goodness and contentment
which Allah has put in their hearts, and 'Amr bin Taghlib is amongst
them." 'Amr bin Taghlib said, "The statement of Allah's Apostle is dearer
to me than red camels."
Narrated Al-Hasan: 'Amr bin Taghlib told us that Allah's Apostle got
some property or some war prisoners and he distributed them in the above
way (i.e. giving to some people to the exclusion of others) .
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 374:
The Prophet said, "I give to Quraish people in order to let them adhere
to Islam, for they are near to their life of Ignorance (i.e. they have
newly embraced Islam and it is still not strong in their hearts."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 375:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When Allah favored His Apostle with the properties of Hawazin tribe
as Fai (booty), he started giving to some Quarries men even up to one-hundred
camels each, whereupon some Ansari men said about Allah's Apostle, "May
Allah forgive His Apostle! He is giving to (men of) Quraish and leaves
us, in spite of the fact that our swords are still dropping blood (of
the infidels)" When Allah's Apostle was informed of what they had said,
he called the Ansar and gathered them in a leather tent and did not
call anybody else along, with them. When they gathered, Allah's Apostle
came to them and said, "What is the statement which, I have been informed,
and that which you have said?" The learned ones among them replied,"
O Allah's Apostle! The wise ones amongst us did not say anything, but
the youngsters amongst us said, 'May Allah forgive His Apostle; he gives
the Quarish and leaves the Ansar, in spite of the fact that our swords
are still dribbling (wet) with the blood of the infidels.' " Allah's
Apostle replied, I give to such people as are still close to the period
of Infidelity (i.e. they have recently embraced Islam and Faith is still
weak in their hearts). Won't you be pleased to see people go with fortune,
while you return with Allah's Apostle to your houses? By Allah, what
you will return with, is better than what they are returning with."
The Ansar replied, "Yes, O Allah's Apostle, we are satisfied' Then the
Prophet said to them." You will find after me, others being preferred
to you. Then be patient till you meet Allah and meet His Apostle at
Al-Kauthar (i.e. a fount in Paradise)." (Anas added:) But we did not
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 376:
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim:
That while he was with Allah's Apostle who was accompanied by the
people on their way back from Hunain, the bedouins started begging things
of Allah's Apostle so much so that they forced him to go under a Samura
tree where his loose outer garment was snatched away. On that, Allah's
Apostle stood up and said to them, "Return my garment to me. If I had
as many camels as these trees, I would have distributed them amongst
you; and you will not find me a miser or a liar or a coward."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 377:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
While I was walking with the Prophet who was wearing a Najrani outer
garment with a thick hem, a bedouin came upon the Prophet and pulled
his garment so violently that I could recognize the impress of the hem
of the garment on his shoulder, caused by the violence of his pull.
Then the bedouin said, "Order for me something from Allah's Fortune
which you have." The Prophet turned to him and smiled, and ordered that
a gift be given to him.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 378:
On the day (of the battle) of Hunain, Allah's Apostle favored some
people in the distribution of the booty (to the exclusion of others);
he gave Al-Aqra' bin Habis one-hundred camels and he gave 'Uyaina the
same amount, and also gave to some of the eminent Arabs, giving them
preference in this regard. Then a person came and said, "By Allah, in
this distribution justice has not been observed, nor has Allah's Pleasure
been aimed at." I said (to him), "By Allah, I will inform the Prophet
(of what you have said), "I went and informed him, and he said, "If
Allah and His Apostle did not act justly, who else would act justly.
May Allah be merciful to Moses, for he was harmed with more than this,
yet he kept patient."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 379:
Narrated Asma bint Abu Bakr:
I used to carry the date stones on my head from the land of Az-Zubair
which Allah's Apostle had given to him, and it was at a distance of
2/3 of a Farsakh from my house.
Narrated Hisham's father: The Prophet (gave Az-Zubair a piece of land
from the property of Bani An-Nadir (gained as war booty).
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 380:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
Umar bin Al-Khattab expelled all the Jews and Christians from the
land of Hijaz. Allah's Apostle after conquering Khaibar, thought of
expelling the Jews from the land which, after he conquered it belonged
to Allah, Allah's Apostle and the Muslims. But the Jews requested Allah's
Apostle to leave them there on the condition that they would do the
labor and get half of the fruits (the land would yield). Allah's Apostle
said, "We shall keep you on these terms as long as we wish." Thus they
stayed till the time of 'Umar's Caliphate when he expelled them to Taima
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 381:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
While we were besieging the fort of Khaibar, a person threw a leather
container containing fat, and I ran to take it, but when I turned I
saw the Prophet (standing behind), so I felt embarrassed in front of
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 382:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
In our holy battles, we used to get honey and grapes, as war booty
which we would eat and would not store.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 383:
Narrated Ibn Abi Aufa:
We were afflicted with hunger during the besiege of Khaibar, and when
it was the day of (the battle of) Khaibar, we slaughtered the donkeys
and when the pots got boiling (with their meat). Allah's Apostle made
an announcement that all the pots should be upset and that nobody should
eat anything of the meat of the donkeys. We thought that the Prophet
prohibited that because the Khumus had not been taken out of the booty
(i.e. donkeys); other people said, "He prohibited eating them for ever."
The sub-narrator added, "I asked Said bin Jubair who said, 'He has made
the eating of donkeys' meat illegal for ever.")
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 384:
Narrated 'Umar bin Dinar:
I was sitting with Jabir bin Zaid and 'Amr bin Aus, and Bjalla was
narrating to them in 70 A.H. the year when Musab bin Az-Zubair was the
leader of the pilgrims of Basra. We were sitting at the steps of Zam-zam
well and Bajala said, "I was the clerk of Juz bin Muawiya, Al-Ahnaf's
paternal uncle. A letter came from 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one year before
his death; and it was read:-- "Cancel every marriage contracted among
the Magians between relatives of close kinship (marriages that are regarded
illegal in Islam: a relative of this sort being called Dhu-Mahram.)"
'Umar did not take the Jizya from the Magian infidels till 'Abdur-Rahman
bin 'Auf testified that Allah's Apostle had taken the Jizya from the
Magians of Hajar.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 385:
Narrated 'Amr bin 'Auf Al-Ansari:
(who was an ally of Bam 'Amr bin Lu'ai and one of those who had taken
part in (the Ghazwa of) Badr): Allah's Apostle sent Abu 'Ubaida bin
Al-Jarreh to Bahrain to collect the Jizya. Allah's Apostle had established
peace with the people of Bahrain and appointed Al-'Ala' bin Al-Hadrami
as their governor. When Abu 'Ubaida came from Bahrain with the money,
the Ansar heard of Abu 'Ubaida's arrival which coincided with the time
of the morning prayer with the Prophet. When Allah's Apostle led them
in the morning prayer and finished, the Ansar approached him, and he
looked at them and smiled on seeing them and said, "I feel that you
have heard that Abu. 'Ubaida has brought something?" They said, "Yes,
O Allah's Apostle' He said, "Rejoice and hope for what will please you!
By Allah, I am not afraid of your poverty but I am afraid that you will
lead a life of luxury as past nations did, whereupon you will compete
with each other for it, as they competed for it, and it will destroy
you as it destroyed them."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 386:
Narrated Jubair bin Haiya:
'Umar sent the Muslims to the great countries to fight the pagans.
When Al-Hurmuzan embraced Islam, 'Umar said to him. "I would like to
consult you regarding these countries which I intend to invade." Al-Hurmuzan
said, "Yes, the example of these countries and their inhabitants who
are the enemies. of the Muslims, is like a bird with a head, two wings
and two legs; If one of its wings got broken, it would get up over its
two legs, with one wing and the head; and if the other wing got broken,
it would get up with two legs and a head, but if its head got destroyed,
then the two legs, two wings and the head would become useless. The
head stands for Khosrau, and one wing stands for Caesar and the other
wing stands for Faris. So, order the Muslims to go towards Khosrau."
So, 'Umar sent us (to Khosrau) appointing An-Numan bin Muqrin as our
commander. When we reached the land of the enemy, the representative
of Khosrau came out with forty-thousand warriors, and an interpreter
got up saying, "Let one of you talk to me!" Al-Mughira replied, "Ask
whatever you wish." The other asked, "Who are you?" Al-Mughira replied,
"We are some people from the Arabs; we led a hard, miserable, disastrous
life: we used to suck the hides and the date stones from hunger; we
used to wear clothes made up of fur of camels and hair of goats, and
to worship trees and stones. While we were in this state, the Lord of
the Heavens and the Earths, Elevated is His Remembrance and Majestic
is His Highness, sent to us from among ourselves a Prophet whose father
and mother are known to us. Our Prophet, the Messenger of our Lord,
has ordered us to fight you till you worship Allah Alone or give Jizya
(i.e. tribute); and our Prophet has informed us that our Lord says:--
"Whoever amongst us is killed (i.e. martyred), shall go to Paradise
to lead such a luxurious life as he has never seen, and whoever amongst
us remain alive, shall become your master." (Al-Mughira, then blamed
An-Numan for delaying the attack and) An-Nu' man said to Al-Mughira,
"If you had participated in a similar battle, in the company of Allah's
Apostle he would not have blamed you for waiting, nor would he have
disgraced you. But I accompanied Allah's Apostle in many battles and
it was his custom that if he did not fight early by daytime, he would
wait till the wind had started blowing and the time for the prayer was
due (i.e. after midday)."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 387:
Narrated Abu Humaid As-Saidi:
We accompanied the Prophet in the Ghazwa of Tabuk and the king of
'Aila presented a white mule and a cloak as a gift to the Prophet. And
the Prophet wrote to him a peace treaty allowing him to keep authority
over his country.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 388:
Narrated Juwairiya bin Qudama At-Tamimi:
We said to 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, Jo Chief of the believers! Advise
us." He said, "I advise you to fulfill Allah's Convention (made with
the Dhimmis) as it is the convention of your Prophet and the source
of the livelihood of your dependents (i.e. the taxes from the Dhimmis.)
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 389:
Narrated Yahya bin Said:
Once the Prophet called the Ansar in order to grant them part of the
land of Bahrain. On that they said, "No! By Allah, we will not accept
it unless you grant a similar thing to our Quarries brothers as well."
He said, "That will be their's if Allah wishes." But when the Ansar
persisted in their request, he said, "After me you will see others given
preference over you in this respect (in which case) you should be patient
till you meet me at the Tank (of Al-Kauthar)."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 390:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
Allah's Apostle once said to me, "If the revenue of Bahrain came,
I would give you this much and this much." When Allah's Apostle had
died, the revenue of Bahrain came, and Abu Bakr announced, " Let whoever
was promised something by Allah's Apostle come to me." So, I went to
Abu Bakr and said, "Allah's Apostle said to me, 'If the revenue of Bahrain
came, I would give you this much and this. much." On that Abu Bakr said
to me, "Scoop (money) with both your hands." I scooped money with both
my hands and Abu Bakr asked me to count it. I counted it and it was
five-hundred (gold pieces). The total amount he gave me was one thousand
and five hundred (gold pieces.)
Narrated Anas: Money from Bahrain was brought to the Prophet . He
said, "Spread it in the Mosque." It was the biggest amount that had
ever been brought to Allah's Apostle . In the meantime Al-'Abbas came
to him and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Give me, for I gave the ransom
of myself and Aqil." The Prophet said (to him), "Take." He scooped money
with both hands and poured it in his garment and tried to lift it, but
he could not and appealed to the Prophet, "Will you order someone to
help me in lifting it?" The Prophet said, "No." Then Al-'Abbas said,
"Then will you yourself help me carry it?" The Prophet said, "No." Then
Al 'Abbas threw away some of the money, but even then he was not able
to lift it, and so he gain requested the Prophet "Will you order someone
to help me carry it?" The Prophet said, "No." Then Al-'Abbas said, "Then
will you yourself yelp me carry it?" The Prophet said, 'No." So, Al-'Abbas
threw away some more money and lifted it on his shoulder and went away.
The Prophet kept on looking at him with astonishment at his greediness
till he went out of our sight. Allah's Apostle did not get up from there
till not a single Dirham remained from that money.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 391:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
The Prophet said, "Whoever killed a person having a treaty with the
Muslims, shall not smell the smell of Paradise though its smell is perceived
from a distance of forty years."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 392:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
While we were in the Mosque, the Prophet came out and said, "Let us
go to the Jews" We went out till we reached Bait-ul-Midras. He said
to them, "If you embrace Islam, you will be safe. You should know that
the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle, and I want to expel you
from this land. So, if anyone amongst you owns some property, he is
permitted to sell it, otherwise you should know that the Earth belongs
to Allah and His Apostle."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 393:
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
that he heard Ibn 'Abbas saying, "Thursday! And you know not what
Thursday is? After that Ibn 'Abbas wept till the stones on the ground
were soaked with his tears. On that I asked Ibn 'Abbas, "What is (about)
Thursday?" He said, "When the condition (i.e. health) of Allah's Apostle
deteriorated, he said, 'Bring me a bone of scapula, so that I may write
something for you after which you will never go astray.'The people differed
in their opinions although it was improper to differ in front of a prophet,
They said, 'What is wrong with him? Do you think he is delirious? Ask
him (to understand). The Prophet replied, 'Leave me as I am in a better
state than what you are asking me to do.' Then the Prophet ordered them
to do three things saying, 'Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian
Peninsula, show respect to all foreign delegates by giving them gifts
as I used to do.' " The sub-narrator added, "The third order was something
beneficial which either Ibn 'Abbas did not mention or he mentioned but
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 394:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
When Khaibar was conquered, a roasted poisoned sheep was presented
to the Prophets as a gift (by the Jews). The Prophet ordered, "Let all
the Jews who have been here, be assembled before me." The Jews were
collected and the Prophet said (to them), "I am going to ask you a question.
Will you tell the truth?'' They said, "Yes.' The Prophet asked, "Who
is your father?" They replied, "So-and-so." He said, "You have told
a ie; your father is so-and-so." They said, "You are right." He siad,
"Will you now tell me the truth, if I ask you about something?" They
replied, "Yes, O AbuAl-Qasim; and if we should tell a lie, you can realize
our lie as you have done regarding our father." On that he asked, "Who
are the people of the (Hell) Fire?" They said, "We shall remain in the
(Hell) Fire for a short period, and after that you will replace us."
The Prophet said, "You may be cursed and humiliated in it! By Allah,
we shall never replace you in it.'' Then he asked, "Will you now tell
me the truth if I ask you a question?" They said, "Yes, O Ab Li-AI-Qasim."
He asked, "Have you poisoned this sheep?" They said, "Yes." He asked,
"What made you do so?" They said, "We wanted to know if you were a liar
in which case we would get rid of you, and if you are a prophet then
the poison would not harm you."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 395:
I asked Anas about the Qunut (i.e. invocation in the prayer). Anas
said, "It should be recited before bowing." I said, "So-and-so claims
that you say that it should be recited after bowing." He replied, "He
is mistaken." Then Anas narrated to us that the Prophet invoked evil
on the tribe of Bani-Sulaim for one month after bowing. ' Anas Further
said, "The Prophet had sent 40 or 70 Qaris (i.e. men well versed in
the knowledge of the Qur'an) to some pagans, but the latter struggled
with them and martyred them, although there was a peace pact between
them and the Prophet I had never seen the Prophet so sorry and worried
about anybody as he was about them (i.e. the Qaris)."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 396:
Narrated Um Hani:
the daughter of Abu Talib: I went to Allah's Apostle on the day of
the conquest of Mecca and found him taking a bath, and his daughter
Fatima was screening him. I greeted him and he asked, "Who is that?"
I said, "I, Um Hani bint Abi Talib." He said, "Welcome, O Um Hani."
When he had finished his bath, he stood up and offered eight Rakat while
dressed in one garment. I said, "O Allah's Apostle! My brother 'Ali
has declared that he will kill a man to whom I have granted asylum.
The man is so and-so bin Hubaira." Allah's Apostle said, "O Um Hani!
We will grant asylum to the one whom you have granted asylum." (Um Hani
said, "That (visit) took place in the Duha (i.e. forenoon)).
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 397:
Narrated Ibrahim At-Tamimi's father:
'Ali delivered a sermon saying, "We have no book to read except the
Book of Allah and what is written in this paper which contains verdicts
regarding (retaliation for) wounds, the ages of the camels (given as
Zakat or as blood money) and the fact that Medina is a sanctuary in
between Air mountain to so-and-so (mountain). So, whoever innovates
in it an heresy or commits a sin or gives shelter in it, to such an
innovator will incur the Curse of Allah, the angels and all the people,
and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be
accepted. And whoever (freed slave) takes as his master (i.e. befriends)
other than his real masters will incur the same (Curse). And the asylum
granted by any Muslim is to be secured by all the other Muslims, and
whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect will incur the same (Curse)."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 398:
Narrated Sahl bin Abi Hathma:
'Abdullah bin Sahl and Muhaiyisa bin Mas'ud bin Zaid set out to Khaibar,
the inhabitants of which had a peace treaty with the Muslims at that
time. They parted and later on Muhaiyisa came upon 'Abdullah bin Sah!
and found him murdered agitating in his blood. He buried him and returned
to Medina. 'Abdur Rahman bin Sahl, Muhaiyisa and Huwaiuisa, the sons
of Mas'ud came to the Prophet and 'Abdur Rahman intended to talk, but
the Prophet said (to him), "Let the eldest of you speak." as 'Abdur-Rahman
was the youngest:. 'Abdur-Rahman kept silent and the other two spoke.
The Prophet said, "If you swear as to who has committed the murder,
you will have the right to take your right from the murderer." They
said, "How should we swear if we did not witness the murder or see the
murderer?" The Prophet said, "Then the Jews can clear themselves from
the charge by taking Alaska (an oath taken by men that it was not they
who committed the murder)." The!y said, "How should we believe in the
oaths of infidels?" So, the Prophet himself paid the blood money (of
'Abdullah). (See hadeeth No. 36 Vol. 9.)
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 399:
Narrated ' Abdullah bin 'Abbas:
That Abu Sufyan bin Harb Informed him that Heraclius called him and
the members of a caravan from Quraish who had gone to Sham as traders,
during the truce which Allah's Apostle had concluded with Abu Sufyan
and the Quraish infidels.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 400:
Once the Prophet was bewitched so that he began to imagine that he
had done a thing which in fact he had not done.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 401:
Narrated Auf bin Mali:
I went to the Prophet during the Ghazwa of Tabuk while he was sitting
in a leather tent. He said, "Count six signs that indicate the approach
of the Hour: my death, the conquest of Jerusalem, a plague that will
afflict you (and kill you in great numbers) as the plague that afflicts
sheep, the increase of wealth to such an extent that even if one is
given one hundred Dinars, he will not be satisfied; then an affliction
which no Arab house will escape, and then a truce between you and Bani
Al-Asfar (i.e. the Byzantines) who will betray you and attack you under
eighty flags. Under each flag will be twelve thousand soldiers.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 402:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Abu Bakr, on the day of Nahr (i.e. slaughtering of animals for sacrifice),
sent me in the company of others to make this announcement: "After this
year, no pagan will be allowed to perform the Hajj, and none will be
allowed to perform the Tawaf of the Ka'ba undressed." And the day of
Al-Hajj-ul-Akbar is the day of Nahr, and it called Al-Akbar because
the people call the 'Umra Al-Hajj-ul-Asghar (i.e. the minor Hajj). Abu
Bakr threw back the pagans' covenant that year, and therefore, no pagan
performed the Hajj in the year of Hajj-ul-Wada' of the Prophets.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 403:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr:
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever has (the following) four characteristics
will be a pure hypocrite: "If he speaks, he tells a lie; if he gives
a promise, he breaks it, if he makes a covenant he proves treacherous;
and if he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent evil insulting manner
(unjust). And whoever has one of these characteristics, has one characteristic
of a hypocrite, unless he gives it us."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 404:
We did not, write anything from the Prophet except the Quran and what
is written in this paper, (wherein) the Prophet said, "Medina is a sanctuary
from (the mountain of) Air to so and-so, therefore, whoever innovates
(in it) an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator,
will incur the Curse of Allah. the angels and all the people; and none
of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted
And the asylum granted by any Muslim Is to be secured by all the Muslims
even if it is granted by one of the lowest social status among them.
And whoever betrays a Muslim in this respect will incur the Curse of
Allah, the angels and all the people, and his compulsory and optional
good deeds of worship will not be accepted. And any freed slave will
take as masters (befriends) people other than his own real masters who
freed him without taking the permission of the latter, will incur the
Curse of Allah, the angels and all the people, and his compulsory and
optional good deeds of worship will not be accepted."
Narrated Said: Abu Huraira once said (to the people), "What will your
state be when you can get no Dinar or Dirhan (i.e. taxes from the Dhimmis)?"
on that someone asked him, "What makes you know that this state will
take place, O Abu- Hu raira?" He said, "By Him in Whose Hands Abu Huraira's
life is, I know it through the statement of the true and truly inspired
one (i.e. the Prophet)." The people asked, "What does the Statement
say?" He replied, "Allah and His Apostle's asylum granted to Dhimmis,
i.e. non-Muslims living in a Muslim territory) will be outraged, and
so Allah will make the hearts of these Dhimmis so daring that they will
refuse to pay the Jizya they will be supposed to pay."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 405:
I asked Abu Wail, "Did you take part in the battle of Siffin?" He
said, 'Yes, and I heard Sahl bin Hunaif (when he was blamed for lack
of zeal for fighting) saying, "You'd better blame your wrong opinions.
I wish you had seen me on the day of Abu Jandal. If I had the courage
to disobey the Prophet's orders, I would have done so. We had kept out
swords on our necks and shoulders, for a thing which frightened us.
And we did so, we found it easier for us, except in the case of the
above battle (of ours).' "
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 406:
Narrated Abu Wail:
We were in Siffin and Sahl bin Hunaif got up and said, "O people!
Blame yourselves! We were with the Prophet on the day of Hudaibiya,
and if we had been called to fight, we would have fought. But 'Umar
bin Al Khatab came and said, 'O Allah's Apostle! Aren't we in the right
and our opponents in the wrongs' Allah's Apostle said, 'Yes.' 'Umar
said, 'Aren't our killed persons in Paradise and their's in Hell?' He
said, 'Yes.' 'Umar said, 'Then why should we accept hard terms in matters
concerning our religion? Shall we return before Allah judges between
us and them?' Allah's Apostle said, 'O Ibn Al-Khattab! I am the Apostle
of Allah and Allah will never degrade me. Then 'Umar went to Abu Bakr
and told him the same as he had told the Prophet.
On that Abu Bakr said (to 'Umar). 'He is the Apostle of Allah and
Allah will never degrade him.' Then Surat-al-Fath (i.e. Victory) was
revealed and Allah's Apostle recited it to the end in front of 'Umar.
On that 'Umar asked, 'O Allah's Apostle! Was it (i.e. the Hudaibiya
Treaty) a victory?' Allah's Apostle said, "Yes"
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 407:
Narrated Asma 'bint Abi Bakr:
During the period of the peace treaty of Quraish with Allah's Apostle,
my mother, accompanied by her father, came to visit me, and she was
a pagan. I consulted Allah's Apostle, "O Allah's Apostle! My mother
has come to me and she desires to receive a reward from me, shall I
keep good relation with her?" He said, "Yes, keep good relation with
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 408:
When the Prophet intended to perform the 'Umra he sent a person to
the people of Mecca asking their permission to enter Mecca. They stipulated
that he would not stay for more than three days and would not enter
it except with sheathed arms and would not preach (Islam) to any of
them. So Ali bin Abi-Talib started writing the treaty between them.
He wrote, "This is what Muhammad, Apostle of Allah has agreed to." The
(Meccans) said, "If we knew that you (Muhammad) are the Apostle of Allah,
then we would not have prevented you and would have followed you. But
write, 'This is what Muhammad bin 'Abdullah has agreed to..' " On that
Allah's Apostle said, "By Allah, I am Muhammad bin 'Abdullah, and, by
Allah, I am Apostle of 'Allah." Allah's Apostle used not to write; so
he asked 'Ali to erase the expression of Apostle of Allah. On that 'Ali
said, "By Allah I will never erase it." Allah's Apostle said (to 'Ali),
"Let me see the paper." When 'Ali showed him the paper, the Prophet
erased the expression with his own hand. When Allah's Apostle had entered
Mecca and three days had elapsed, the Meccans came to 'Ali and said,
"Let your friend (i.e. the Prophet) quit Mecca." Ali informed Allah's
Apostle about it and Allah's Apostle said, "Yes," and then he departed.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 409:
While the Prophet was in the state of prostration, surrounded by a
group of people from Quraish pagans. 'Uqba bin Abi Mu'ait came and brought
the intestines of a camel and threw them on the back of the Prophet
. The Prophet did not raise his head from prostration till Fatima (i.e.
his daughter) came and removed those intestines from his back, and invoked
evil on whoever had done (the evil deed). The Prophet said, "O Allah!
Destroy the chiefs of Quraish, O Allah! Destroy Abu Jahl bin Hisham,
'Utba bin Rabi'a, Shaiba bin Rabi'a. 'Uqba bin Abi Mu'ait 'Umaiya bin
Khalaf (or Ubai bin Kalaf)." Later on I saw all of them killed during
the battle of Badr and their bodies were thrown into a well except the
body of Umaiya or Ubai, because he was a fat person, and when he was
pulled, the parts of his body got separated before he was thrown into
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 410:
The Prophet said, ''Every betrayer will have a flag on the Day of
Resurrection" One of the two sub-narrators said that the flag would
be fixed, and the other said that it would be shown on the Day of Resurrection,
so that the betrayer might be recognized by it.
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 411:
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet said, "Every betrayer will have a flag which will be fixed
on the Day of Resurrection, and the flag's prominence will be made in
order to show the betrayal he committed."
Volume 4, Book 53, Number 412:
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
Allah's Apostle said on the day of the conquest of Mecca, "There is
no migration now, but there is Jihad (i.e.. holy battle) and good intentions.
And when you are called for Jihad, you should come out at once" Allah's
Apostle also said, on the day of the conquest of Mecca, "Allah has made
this town a sanctuary since the day He created the Heavens and the Earth.
So, it is a sanctuary by Allah's Decree till the Day of Resurrection.
Fighting in it was not legal for anyone before me, and it was made legal
for me only for an hour by daytime. So, it (i.e. Mecca) is a sanctuary
by Allah's Decree till the Day of Resurrection. Its thorny bushes should
not be cut, and its game should not be chased, its fallen property (i.e.
Luqata) should not be picked up except by one who will announce it publicly;
and its grass should not be uprooted," On that Al-'Abbas said, "O Allah's
Apostle! Except the Idhkhir, because it is used by the goldsmiths and
by the people for their houses." On that the Prophet said, "Except the