Introduction to Translation of Malik's Muwatta
Translators: `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub
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Malik's Muwatta ("the well-trodden path") is a collection of two items:
- the sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (also known as the
sunnah). The reports of the Prophet's sayings
and deeds are called ahadith.
- the legal opinions and decisions of the Prophet's Companions, their
successors, and some later authorities.
Malik (full name Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Abu Amir Al-Asbahi) was
born in 93 A.H. and died in 179 A.H. He lived most of his life in Madinah,
the city in which the Prophet (pbuh) settled in. He was a preeminent scholar
of Islam, and is the originator of the Maliki judicial school of thought.
He is reputed to have had over one thousand students. During Malik's lifetime,
he steadily revised his Muwatta, so it reflects over forty years of his
learning and knowledge. It contains a few thousand hadith.
It is important to realize, however, that Malik's collection is not
complete: there are other scholars who worked as Malik did and collected
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but it is more than likely that quite a few still remain.
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