|| Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghias ud Din; accession
|| Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz Turks.
|| Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri. Qutb ud Din Aibik
crowned king in Lahore.
|| Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan MahmUd, accession
of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of Aram Shah in
|| End of the Ghurid rule, their territories annexed
by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah overthrown by Iltutmish.
|| Battle of Al Uqab in Spain, end of the Al Mohad
rule in Spain. The Al Mohads suffer defeat by the Christians
in Spain at the Al-Uqba. The Al Mohad Sultan An Nasir escapes
to Morocco where he dies soon after. Accession of his son Yusuf
who takes over title of Al Mustansir.
|| In North Africa death of the Al Mohad ruler
Al Nasir, accession of Al Mustansir. The Banu Marin under their
leader Abdul Haq occupy the north eastern part of Morocco.
|| The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq
occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The Al Mohads suffer defeat
by the Marinids at the battle of Nakur. The Banu Marin defeat
the Al Mobads at the battle of Nakur.
|| The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle fought
on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed and the
Marinids evacuate Morocco. In the battle of Sibu the Marinids
suffer defeat; their leader Abdul Haq is killed and they evacuate
|| Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al Adil, accession
of Al Kamil. The Marinids return to Morocco under their leader
Othman and occupy Fez.
|| Death of the Khawarzam Shah Ala ud Din, accession
of Jalal ud Din Mangbarni.
|| Death of the Zangi ruler Nasir ud Din Mahmud,
power captured by Badr ud Din Lulu.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Muntasir, accession
of Abdul Wahid. Death of Yusuf Al Mustansir, accession of Abdul
Wahid in Morocco.. In Spain a brother of Yusuf declares his
independence and assumes the title of Al Adil. In Spain Abu
Muhammad overthrows Al Adil. Al Adil escapes to Morocco and
overthrows Abdul Wahid.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdul Wahid, accession
of Abdullah Adil.
|| Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Nasir, accession
of Al Mustansir.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdullah Adil, accession
of Mustasim. Assassination of Al Adil, accession of his son
Yahya who assumes the throne under the name of Al Mustasim.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Mustasim, accession
of Idris. The Ayyubid Al Kamil restores Jerusalem to the Christians.
Abu Muhammad dies in Spain and is succeeded by Al Mamun. Al
Mamun invades Morocco with Christian help. Yahya is defeated
and power is captured by Al Mamun. He denies the Mahdiship of
|| End of the Khawarzam Shah rule.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Idris, accession,
of Abdul Wahid II. Assassination of Al Mamun; accession of his
|| Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al Kamil, accession
of Al Adil.
|| Death of Delhi Sultan Iltutmish. Accession of
Rukn ud Din Feroz Shah.
|| Accession of Razia Sultana as Delhi Sultan.
|| Death of Ar-Rashid; accession of his son Abu
|| Death of Razia Sultana, accession of Bahram
|| Death of Bahram Shah, accession of Ala ud Din
Masud Shah as Delhi Sultan. Death of the Al Mohad rules Abdul
Wahid, accession of Abu Hasan. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustansir,
accession of Mustasim.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdul Walid II,
|| The Al Mohads defeat the Marinids at the battle
of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco.
|| The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem.
|| Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud Din Masud Shah,
accession of Nasir ud Din Mahmud Shah.
|| Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abul Hasan, accession
of Omar Murtaza. Abu Said attacks Tlemsen, but is ambushed and
killed; accession of his son Murtada.
|| The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy a
greatar part thereof.
|| The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the Abbasid
Caliph Mustasim. End of the Abbasid rule. Fall of Baghdad, end
of the Abbasid caliphate. The Mongol II-Khans under Halaku establish
their rule in Iran and Iraq with the capital at Maragah. Berek
Khan the Muslim chief of the Golden Horde protests against the
treatment meted out to the Abbasid Caliph and withdraw his Contingent
|| Abu Abdullah the Hafsid ruler declares himself
as the Caliph and assumes the name of Al Mustamir.
|| Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols are
defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the invincibility
of the Mongols is broken. Baybars becomes the Mamluk Sultan.
|| Death of Bahauddin Zikriya in Multan who is
credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardi Sufi order
in the IndoPakistan sub-continent.
|| Death of Halaku. Death of Fariduddin Ganj Shakkar
the Chishti saint of the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent.
|| Death of Berek Khan the first ruler of the Golden
Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade. The crusaders
invade Tunisia. Failure of the crusade.
|| Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim
state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Murtada seeks the help
of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The Marinids
drive away the Spaniards from Morocco. Assassination of Murtada;
accession of Abu Dabbas.
|| Abu Dabbas is overthrown by the Marinida, End
of the Al Mohads. End of the rule of the Al Mohads in Morocco,
the Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu Yaqub.
|| Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the Muslim
rule in M ali.
|| Death of Muhammad I the founder of the state
of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a reverse
at the battle
|| Death of Jalaluddin Rumi.
|| Death of Nasiruddin Tusi. The Marinids wrest
Sijilmasa from the Zayenids. Ninth crusade under Edward I of
England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward returns to England.
|| Death of Baybars.
|| Battle of Hims.
|| Death of Yaghmurasan. Accession of his son Othman.
|| Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie.
|| Death of Ghiasuddin Balban. Death of Abu Yusuf
Yaqub. Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal under
the name of Nasiruddin.
|| End of the slave dynasty Jalaluddin Khilji comes
into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and by 1290
C.E. most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the Zayanids.
|| Alauddin Ghazan converted to Islam.
|| Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege Tlemsen
the capital of the Zayanids.